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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Role of ERalpha in the Effect of Estradiol on Cancellous and Cortical Femoral Bone in Growing Female Mice

Författare och institution:
A. Vinel (-); E. Hay (-); M. C. Valera (-); M. Buscato (-); M. Adlanmerini (-); M. Guillaume (-); M. Cohen-Solal (-); Claes Ohlsson (Institutionen för medicin & Centre for Bone and Arthritis Research); F. Lenfant (-); J. F. Arnal (-); C. Fontaine (-)
Publicerad i:
Endocrinology, 157 ( 6 ) s. 2533-2544
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Estrogen receptor-alpha (ER alpha) acts primarily in the nucleus as a transcription factor involving two activation functions, AF1 and AF2, but it can also induce membrane-initiated steroid signaling (MISS) through the modulation of various kinase activities and/or secondary messenger levels. Previous work has demonstrated that nuclear ER alpha is required for the protective effect of the estrogen 17 beta-estradiol (E2), whereas the selective activation of ER alpha MISS is sufficient to confer protection in cortical but not cancellous bone. The aim of this study was to define whether ER alpha MISS is necessary for the beneficial actions of chronic E2 exposure on bone. We used a mouse model in which ER alpha membrane localization had been abrogated due to a point mutation of the palmitoylation site of ER alpha (ER alpha-C451A). Alterations of the sex hormones in ER alpha-C451A precluded the interpretation of bone parameters that were thus analyzed on ovariectomized and supplemented or not with E2 (8 mu g/kg/d) to circumvent this bias. We found the beneficial action of E2 on femoral bone mineral density as well as in both cortical and cancellous bone was decreased in ER alpha-C451A mice compared with their wild-type littermates. Histological and biochemical approaches concurred with the results from bone marrow chimeras to demonstrate that ER alpha MISS signaling affects the osteoblast but not the osteoclast lineage in response to E2. Thus, in contrast to the uterine and endothelial effects of E2 that are specifically mediated by nuclear ER alpha and ER alpha MISS effects, respectively, bone protection is dependent on both, underlining the exquisite tissue-specific actions and interactions of membrane and nuclear ER alpha.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Endokrinologi och diabetes ->
estrogen-receptor-alpha, transcriptional activation functions, postmenopausal women, initiated actions, gene-expression, messenger-rna, fas ligand, in-vivo, osteoclasts, osteoblasts, Endocrinology & Metabolism
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2016-06-27 13:22

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