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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Early Active Rehabilitation After Grip Reconstructive Surgery in Tetraplegia

Författare och institution:
Johanna Wangdell (Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för anestesi, biomaterial och ortopedi, Avdelningen för ortopedi); Lina Bunketorp Käll (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för klinisk neurovetenskap och rehabilitering); S. Koch-Borner (-); Jan Fridén (Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper)
Publicerad i:
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 97 ( 6 ) s. S117-S125
ISSN:
0003-9993
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Objective: To describe and evaluate the concept of early active rehabilitation after tendon transfer to restore grip function in tetraplegia. Participants: All patients with tetraplegia who underwent tendon transfer to restore grip ability during 2009 to 2013 (N=49). Intervention: Reconstructive tendon transfer surgery with early active rehabilitation to restore grip ability in tetraplegia. Main Outcome Measures: Grip and pinch strength, grip ability test, and outcome of prioritized activities. Results: In the 49 surgeries performed, postoperative complications included 2 patients with bleeding and 2 infections related to the surgery. There were no reported ruptures or lengthening of transferred tendons. Within 24 hours after surgery, all 47 patients (100%) with finger flexion reconstruction succeeded to activate their finger flexion. All but 1 patient with reconstructed thumb flexion sucessfully activated their thumb flexion (n=40). Three weeks after surgery, all patients (100%) were able to perform basic activities of daily living, and instrumental activities of daily living were achieved by 74%. One year after surgery, the maximum grip strength in restored finger flexion was on average 6.9kg (range, 1.5-15kg; n=29). The maximum pinch strength in restored thumb flexion was on average 3.7kg (range, 1-20; n=29). On average, grip ability improved from 33 to 101 (n=19) according to the COPM. Prioritized activity limitations, as measured with the COPM, equated to an average of 3.5 steps (2.5 steps preoperatively to 6 steps postoperatively): Patients' perceived satisfaction with this improvement was 4 steps (increasing from 2 steps preoperatively to 6 steps postoperatively). Conclusions: Grip reconstructive surgery followed by early active rehabilitation can be considered a reliable procedure that leads to substantial improvements in grip and pinch strength and activity performance among patients with tetraplegia. (C) 2016 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Hälsovetenskaper ->
Idrottsvetenskap
Nyckelord:
Quadriplegia, Reconstructive surgical procedures, Rehabilitation, Spinal cord injuries, Tendon, upper-limb surgery, flexor tendon repair, mobilization, people, hand, immobilization, experiences, transfers, decision, outcomes, Rehabilitation, Sport Sciences
Postens nummer:
238342
Posten skapad:
2016-06-27 13:04
Posten ändrad:
2016-06-27 13:04

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