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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Gold mining and education: a long-run resource curse in Africa?

Författare och institution:
Pelle Ahlerup (Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik & Centrum för globalisering och utveckling (GCGD)); Thushyanthan Baskaran (-); Arne Bigsten (Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik & Centrum för globalisering och utveckling (GCGD))
Utgiven i serie vid Göteborgs universitet:
Working Papers in Economics (online), ISSN 1403-2465
ISSN:
1403-2465
Antal sidor:
55
Publikationstyp:
Rapport
Förlag:
University of Gothenburg
Förlagsort:
Göteborg
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
We provide micro-level evidence on an important channel through which mineral resources may adversely affect development in the long-run: lower educational attainment. Combining Afrobarometer survey data with geocoded data on the discovery and shutdown dates of of gold mines, we show that respondents who had a gold mine within their district when they were in adolescence have significantly lower educational attainment. These results are robust to the omission of individual countries, different definitions of adulthood, the use of alternative data from the Development and Health Surveys (DHS), and buffer-based approaches to define neighborhood. Regarding mechanisms, we conclude that the educational costs of mines are likely due to households making myopic educational decisions when employment in gold mining is an alternative. We explore and rule out competing mechanism such as endogenous migration, a lower provision of public goods by the government, and a higher propensity for violent conflicts in gold mining districts.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP ->
Ekonomi och näringsliv ->
Nationalekonomi
Nyckelord:
Education, mineral resources gold mining, survey data, Africa, gold mining, survey data, Africa
Postens nummer:
238292
Posten skapad:
2016-06-27 09:41

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