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Because of you I did not give up - How peers affect perseverance

Författare och institution:
Leonie Gerhards (-); Christina Gravert (Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik)
Utgiven i serie vid Göteborgs universitet:
Working Papers in Economics (online), ISSN 1403-2465
ISSN:
1403-2465
Antal sidor:
25
Publikationstyp:
Rapport
Förlag:
University of Gothenburg
Förlagsort:
Göteborg
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Various empirical papers have shown that peers affect productivity and behavior in the workplace. However, the mechanisms through which peers influence each other are still largely unknown. In this laboratory experiment we study a situation in which individuals might look at their peers' behavior to motivate themselves to endure in a task that requires perseverance. We test the impact of unidirectional peer effects under individual monetary incentives, controlling for ability and tactics. We find that peers significantly increase their observers' perseverance, while knowing about being observed does not significantly affect behavior. In a second experiment we investigate the motives to self-select into the role of an observing or an observant subject and what kind of peers individuals deliberately choose. Our findings provide first insights on the perception of peer situations by individuals and new empirical evidence on how peer groups emerge.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP ->
Ekonomi och näringsliv ->
Nationalekonomi
Nyckelord:
grit, perseverance, laboratory experiment, peer effects, real effort
Postens nummer:
237407
Posten skapad:
2016-06-07 14:40

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