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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Chronic nausea and vomiting: insights into underlying mechanisms

Författare och institution:
Hans Törnblom (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition); Hasse Abrahamsson (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition)
Publicerad i:
Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 28 ( 5 ) s. 613-619
ISSN:
1350-1925
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Chronic nausea and vomiting are common and debilitating symptoms in adults. There are some fundamental problems that make our understanding of mechanisms difficult, diagnostic definitions of patient-cohorts being central. As there is no unifying mechanism with a direct link to chronic nausea or vomiting, it is most likely that several mechanisms interact, e.g., pylorus function and its relation to gastric emptying, or gastric sensory and motor function. In this mini-review, we highlight the roles and evidence for brain-gut interactions as well as gastrointestinal neurophysiologic, motor, sensory, and hormonal factors involved in the pathophysiology of chronic nausea and vomiting. There are factors not mentioned in the text, mostly as they are not well characterized in the setting of chronic symptoms or only in animal models.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin
Nyckelord:
nausea, vomiting, pathophysiology, chronic unexplained nausea, functional dyspepsia, idiopathic, gastroparesis, diabetic gastroparesis, interstitial-cells, receptor, agonist, vagal relaxation, double-blind, symptoms, patterns
Postens nummer:
237100
Posten skapad:
2016-05-30 15:31

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