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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Food intake and gestational weight gain in Swedish women

Författare och institution:
Linnea Bärebring (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition); Petra Brembeck (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition); M. Lof (-); Hilde Kristin Brekke (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition); Anna Winkvist (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition); Hanna Augustin (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition)
Publicerad i:
Springerplus, 5 s. Article number: 377
ISSN:
2193-1801
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Background: The objective of this study was to investigate if food intake (dairy, snacks, caloric beverages, bread, cheese, margarine/butter, potato/rice/pasta/grains, red meat, fish and fruit/berries/vegetables) is associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) in Swedish women. Methods: Four day food records from 95 pregnant Swedish women were collected in the last trimester. GWG was calculated as weighed body weight in the last trimester (median gestational week 36) minus self-reported pre-pregnancy body weight. Excessive GWG was defined according to the guidelines by the Institute of Medicine. Food groups tested for association with GWG were dairy (milk, yoghurt and sour milk), snacks (sweets, crisps, popcorn, ice cream and cookies, but not nuts and seeds), caloric beverages (soft drinks, juice, lemonade and non-alcoholic beer), bread, cheese, margarine/butter, potato/rice/pasta/grains, red meat, fish and fruit/berries/vegetables. Results: Median (lower-upper quartiles) GWG was 12.1 kg (10.0-15.3). In total, 28 % had an excessive GWG. Excessive GWG was most common among pre-pregnancy overweight and obese women, where 69 % had an excessive GWG. Median daily intake of fruits and vegetables was 352 g (212-453), caloric beverages was 238 g (100-420) and snacks was 111 g (69-115). Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that intake of caloric beverages, snacks, fish, bread and dairy in the last trimester of pregnancy were positively related to GWG (R-2 = 0.32). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that intake of caloric beverages, snacks, fish, and bread was associated with higher odds ratios for excessive GWG. Conclusion: Intake of caloric beverages, snacks, fish and bread were positively related to excessive GWG. Thus, these results indicate that maternal dietary intake should be given higher attention in the antenatal care.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin
Nyckelord:
Gestational weight gain, Dietary intake, Food groups, social-inequality, physical-activity, metabolic-rate, pregnancy, diet, sweden
Postens nummer:
236988
Posten skapad:
2016-05-27 13:14
Posten ändrad:
2016-05-31 14:09

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