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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

A novel mutation on the transferrin gene abolishes one N-glycosylation site and alters the pattern of transferrin isoforms, mimicking that observed after excessive alcohol consumption

Författare och institution:
Ammi Grahn (Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för klinisk kemi och transfusionsmedicin); P. Bengtson (-); E. Eklund (-); Jorge Asin-Cayuela (Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för klinisk kemi och transfusionsmedicin)
Publicerad i:
Clinical Biochemistry, 49 ( 6 ) s. 511-513
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
OBJECTIVES: In the process of obtaining a driver's license, a healthy 28year old man presented increased levels of disialo-transferrin (TF) (approx. 20%, ref. value<2) by HPLC analysis of TF isoforms (%,CDT), while other markers of excessive alcohol consumption (PEth, MCV and gamma-GT) were in the normal range. The objective of this study was to determine the cause of the increased %,CDT levels. DESIGN AND METHODS:Serum TF isoforms were re-analyzed by LC-MS. All coding exons of the TF gene were Sanger sequenced. RESULTS:Analysis of TF isoforms by LC-MS confirmed the presence of increased disialo-TF and revealed a discrepancy in the mass difference between disialo-TF and tetrasialo-TF which suggested the presence of a genetic TF isoform with one abolished N-glycosylation site. Sanger sequencing of the TF gene revealed the presence of two missense mutations in heterozygous form: c.1295A>G (p.N432S) and c.1765C>T (p.P589S). p.N432S is a novel mutation that abolishes one N-glycosylation site of TF, while p.P589S is the polymorphism that defines the C2 isoform of TF. The sum of mass shifts caused by both amino acid substitutions agrees with the mass shift observed by LC-MS, which indicates that both variants are located in cis. CONCLUSIONS:An individual initially suspected of alcohol abuse based on elevated %CDT was shown to be carrier of a novel mutation in the TF gene that abolishes the N-glycosylation site at position p.N432. The presence of this genetic variant has to be kept in mind when interpreting TF isoform patterns.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin
Transfenin, Alcohol abuse, CDG (congenital disorder of glycosylation), CDT (carbohydrate-deficient, carbohydrate-deficient transferrin, variants, Medical Laboratory Technology
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2016-05-27 09:24

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