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Motivation and multilingualism in Sweden: A re-examination of the ideal and ought-to L2 selves

Författare och institution:
Amy S. Thompson (-); Liss Kerstin Sylvén (Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik)
Publicerad i:
Paper presenterat vid AAAL, Orlando, USA, 9-12 april,
Konferensbidrag - refereegranskat abstract
Sammanfattning (abstract):
As part of a larger study on individual differences and language learning in Sweden, the impetus of the current study is to explore language learning motivation with Swedish university EFL students (Henry, 2014), focusing on the psychological aspects of self (ideal self – who the learner would like to become and ought-to L2 self – who the learner thinks he/she should become) as defined in Dörnyei’s (2009) L2 motivational self-system. The pivotal point of the study is the relationship between motivation and multilingualism, using two operationalizations of multilingualism: Perceived Positive Language Interaction (PPLI) and a more traditional definition of multilingualism. PPLI (Thompson, 2013) is strongly influenced by Herdina and Jessner’s (2002) Dynamic Model of Multilingualism; in adopting this model, multilingualism is considered a dynamic construct, focusing on the perceptions of interconnectivity between languages in the multilingual individual. Current motivation research lacks studies in environments in which English could be considered a second, rather than a foreign, language, such as in the Swedish context. (Hyltenstam, 2004). For this study, 300 Swedish EFL university students completed a 20-item questionnaire about the ideal and ought-to L2 selves from Dörnyei and Taguchi (2010). An exploratory factor analysis (Maximum Likelihood with a Direct Oblimin rotation) and subsequent one-way ANOVAs illustrate the distinct motivational profiles of bilingual and multilingual learners. Specifically, preliminary results indicate a significant difference between the groups for the traditional definition of multilingualism, as well as for the PPLI operationalization for the latent variable of the ideal L2 self. No significant differences were found between groups for the latent variable of the ought-to L2 self for either operationalization of multilingualism, supporting previous research that suggests a closer look at the non-significant group differences often found for the ought-to self-construct, and perhaps a closer look of the L2MSS system as a whole (Thompson and Vasquez, 2015).
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Utbildningsvetenskap ->
Språk och litteratur ->
Motivation; multilingualism; second language learning; foreign language learning
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2016-05-02 11:08

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