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L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia is associated with regional increase of striatal dynorphin peptides as elucidated by imaging mass spectrometry.

Författare och institution:
Jörg Hanrieder (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi); Anna Ljungdahl (-); Maria Fälth (-); Sofie Eriksson Mammo (-); Jonas Bergquist (-); Malin Andersson (-)
Publicerad i:
Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP, 10 ( 10 ) s. M111.009308
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Opioid peptides are involved in various pathophysiological processes, including algesia, epilepsy, and drug dependence. A strong association between L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) and elevated prodynorphin mRNA levels has been established in both patients and in animal models of Parkinson's disease, but to date the endogenous prodynorphin peptide products have not been determined. Here, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) was used for characterization, localization, and relative quantification of striatal neuropeptides in a rat model of LID in Parkinson's disease. MALDI IMS has the unique advantage of high sensitivity and high molecular specificity, allowing comprehensive detection of multiple molecular species in a single tissue section. Indeed, several dynorphins and enkephalins could be detected in the present study, including dynorphin A(1-8), dynorphin B, α-neoendorphin, MetEnkRF, MetEnkRGL, PEnk (198-209, 219-229). IMS analysis revealed elevated levels of dynorphin B, α-neoendorphin, substance P, and PEnk (220-229) in the dorsolateral striatum of high-dyskinetic animals compared with low-dyskinetic and lesion-only control rats. Furthermore, the peak-intensities of the prodynorphin derived peptides, dynorphin B and α-neoendorphin, were strongly and positively correlated with LID severity. Interestingly, these LID associated dynorphin peptides are not those with high affinity to κ opioid receptors, but are known to bind and activate also μ- and Δ-opioid receptors. In addition, the peak intensities of a novel endogenous metabolite of α-neoendorphin lacking the N-terminal tyrosine correlated positively with dyskinesia severity. MALDI IMS of striatal sections from Pdyn knockout mice verified the identity of fully processed dynorphin peptides and the presence of endogenous des-tyrosine α-neoendorphin. Des-tyrosine dynorphins display reduced opioid receptor binding and this points to possible novel nonopioid receptor mediated changes in the striatum of dyskinetic rats. Because des-tyrosine dynorphins can only be detected by mass spectrometry, as no antibodies are available, these findings highlight the importance of MALDI IMS analysis for the study of molecular dynamics in neurological diseases.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Neurovetenskaper ->
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Neurovetenskaper ->
Klinisk medicin ->
Animals, Antiparkinson Agents, adverse effects, therapeutic use, Disease Models, Animal, Dynorphins, analysis, metabolism, Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced, metabolism, Enkephalins, analysis, genetics, metabolism, Female, Humans, Levodopa, adverse effects, therapeutic use, Mice, Neostriatum, metabolism, Parkinson Disease, drug therapy, Protein Precursors, genetics, metabolism, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2016-04-07 13:02

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