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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Targeted radionuclide therapy for patients with neuroendocrine tumours with focus on normal tissue response in 177-Lu-DOTATATE treatment

Författare och institution:
Johanna Svensson (Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för onkologi, radiofysik, radiologi och urologi, Avdelningen för onkologi)
University of Gothenburg
Datum för examination:
Fredag 8 april 2016, kl 13.00, Hörsal Arvid Carlsson, Academicum, Medicinaregatan 3, Göteborg
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Targeted radionuclide therapy with 177Lu-DOTATATE for patients with neuroendocrine tumours utilises the frequent overexpressing of somatostatin receptors on the tumour cells. This treatment modality has demonstrated valuable patient benefits and is well tolerated. However, renal and bone marrow toxicity can become dose limiting and persisting. The aim of this thesis was to investigate normal tissue response during 177Lu-DOTATATE treatment, with focus on kidneys, bone marrow and also the spleen, the organ that receives the highest absorbed dose. To enable analysis of bone marrow response to absorbed dose, a novel image-based method for bone marrow dosimetry was developed. The first paper included, was a pre-clinical study of morphological and biochemical renal changes in nude mice injected with 177Lu-, or 90Y-DOTATATE. The remaining three studies evaluated 51 patients with neuroendocrine tumours, treated with 177Lu-DOTATATE at Sahlgrenska University Hospital. Patient renal and bone marrow function was evaluated and dosimetry was performed for kidneys, bone marrow and spleen utilising planar and SPECT images acquired after infusion, and the developed automated segmentation method for bone marrow dosimetry. Selective morphological changes were quantified in renal cortex of nude mice, and corresponding biochemical changes observed, after 177Lu-DOTATATE injection. These appeared in a dose-dependent manner. No morphological changes were observed for the animals receiving 90Y-DOTATATE. In the clinical studies, it was found that patients with inferior renal function were exposed to higher mean absorbed renal doses, and experienced enhanced haematological toxicity. It was also shown that a longer residence time for 177Lu and a higher tumour burden increased the haematological toxicity. A novel image-based method for bone marrow dosimetry was developed, and correlations were found between mean and total absorbed bone marrow doses, and haematological toxicity. The role of the spleen for haematological toxicity was also analysed, and it was observed that radiation exposure of the spleen had an impact on the haematological response. The results in this thesis emphasise that several parameters affects normal tissue response in 177Lu-DOTATATE treatment. Hopefully, a better understanding of what decides the individual response, may contribute to individualised treatment decisions in the future.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Cancer och onkologi
Klinisk medicin ->
Radiologi och bildbehandling ->
Radionuclide therapy, Neuroendocrine tumours, 177Lu-DOTATATE, dosimetry, normal tissue response
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2016-03-21 11:10

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