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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Global technology development by colocating R&D and manufacturing: The Case of Swedish manufacturing MNEs

Författare och institution:
Inge Ivarsson (Centre for International Business Studies & Företagsekonomiska institutionen); Claes G. Alvstam (Centre for International Business Studies & Företagsekonomiska institutionen); Jan-Erik Vahlne (Företagsekonomiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
Industrial and Corporate Change, 25 ( 4 )
ISSN:
0960-6491
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
In this study we analyze the role of colocation between research and development (R&D) and manufacturing for global technology development by multinational enterprises (MNEs). The extant literature suggests that the main strategic role of colocated R&D units is to locally adapt existing products and processes. However, data from 146 foreign R&D units of Sweden’s 17 largest manufacturing MNEs in 2013 show that they instead mainly develop new technology, not only for the local and regional markets, but to a large extent for the global market. A likely explanation is that colocation positively contributes to joint problem-solving and transfer of tacit knowledge between production and R&D personnel, all of which is necessary in new product development, especially in industries characterized by complex products and systems and rapid technological change. A theoretical implication is that depending on industry characteristics, internal cross-functional linkages between R&D and manufacturing can be more critical than external supply- and demand-side factors when it comes to influence where R&D units are located globally.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP ->
Ekonomi och näringsliv
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP ->
Ekonomi och näringsliv ->
Företagsekonomi
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP ->
Social och ekonomisk geografi ->
Ekonomisk geografi
Nyckelord:
JEL classification: O32, O33, R30.
Postens nummer:
233232
Posten skapad:
2016-03-15 11:07
Posten ändrad:
2016-09-20 15:36

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