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The sinking of M/V Estonia: An archival study of the survivors’ witness reports

Författare och institution:
Emma Roos Af Hjelmsäter (Psykologiska institutionen); Lisa Öhman (Psykologiska institutionen); Pär-Anders Granhag (Psykologiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
Nordic Psychology, Epub ahead of print
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Most previous eyewitness research has been experimental, and studies examining real events are few. The present study examined eyewitness reports from a real-life, extremely stressful event; the sinking of the passenger ship Estonia in 1994. We analysed the police reports from 131 survivors (age 12–72, 82% men) through a thematic analysis. The results showed that of what could be controlled, most reports were accurate. Thus, this study indicates that eyewitness reports from such a life-threatening event may be reliable. Also, as in previous studies, many reports were fragmentary or incomplete. However, as the survivors reported different aspects, it was possible to obtain more complete information about the event by adding together reports from several persons. This indicates that reports from several persons should be collected in order to achieve a full understanding of events like this. The results provide much needed archival research to complement experimental studies on witnesses’ memory performance.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Psykologi ->
Tillämpad psykologi
archival study, eyewitness testimony, traumatic event, memory, accident investigation
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2016-03-08 14:36
Posten ändrad:
2016-03-11 14:52

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