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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Leder distansarbete till försvagade samband mellan bebyggelsestruktur och resor i vardagen?*

Författare och institution:
Erik Elldér (Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, Kulturgeografi)
Publicerad i:
Nationell konferens i transportforskning, Karlstad, 21 oktober 2015,
Konferensbidrag - refereegranskat abstract
Sammanfattning (abstract):
This paper studies work-related travel by considering how it relates to the built environment by focusing on a key ICT-based activity, i.e., telework, that has increased rapidly in recent years in Sweden. It is often argued that, due to its space-transcending abilities, ICT use reduces the importance of proximity as an organizing principle of travel. However, as telework has so far not been that widespread, most previous studies use small samples, unrepresentative of entire workforces. More precisely, this paper investigates whether the built environment influences daily travel behaviour differently when people telework in urban contexts. Regression models are applied to address whether and to what extent travel is associated with various measures of the built environment and key destination accessibility relative to the home location in Gothenburg, Sweden. The analysis treats groups of workers defined by teleworking practices. Micro-level data from the Swedish National Travel Survey, 2011, capture individual travel behaviour, and Swedish register data on the location of all firms and individuals combined with a GIS-based tool measuring travel times by car or public transport capture the built environment. The results indicate that telework weakens the relationship between the built environment and daily travel in various dimensions. First, workers are differentiated in terms of those who did and did not report teleworking regularly. The total daily travel distance and time are significantly related to the built environment for both groups, but the built-environment variables explain considerably more of the variation in travel for non-teleworkers. Second, only regular teleworkers were analysed, and differentiated based on whether or not they teleworked on the survey day. For those respondents, the built environment variables explain little of the variation in travel time and distance, and retain few significant effects when fitting the models. These results lead to the conclusion that telework allows various mobility strategies that together foster more spatially heterogeneous daily travel behaviour, more dependent on personal attributes than on the home location relative to various built environment features. Planners and policymakers should monitor whether the number of teleworkers continues increasing. If so, traditional distance- and location-based models and policies for predicting and planning transport may prove less accurate and effective than currently assumed.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Social och ekonomisk geografi
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2015-12-22 14:47

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