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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Land use consolidation in Rwanda: the experiences of small-scale farmers in Musanze District

Författare och institution:
Emmanuel Muyombano (Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, Kulturgeografi); Margareta Espling (Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, Kulturgeografi)
Publicerad i:
Agricultural Research for Development Conference, September 23-24, 2015, Uppsala, Sweden,
Konferensbidrag, övrigt
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The post-genocide Rwandan government has stated ambitious development goals in its Vision 2020. Agricultural development is central, as some 80% of the population depend on agricultural livelihoods. However, Rwandan agriculture has long been characterized by high population pressure, land fragmentation and low productivity, leading to over-cultivation, soil degradation and erosion. Rwandan strategies for economic development and poverty reduction envision a social transformation of the society, requiring a shift from subsistence farming to commercial agriculture. A main component in this transformation is land use consolidation, the joint cultivation of large areas, which is expected to deliver economies of scale and increased productivity of high-potential food crops. The program includes provisioning of improved seeds of selected crops, subsidized fertilizers and extension services. Serious critique of the program has been raised, such as authoritarian implementation, negative effects on food security from mono-cropping few selected crops, and increased rural socio-economic differentiation. The aim of this presentation is to discuss the effects of the agricultural policy of land use consolidation at community level, based on fieldwork in Musanze district. This presentation draws from 22 collective and 45 individual interviews with smallholder farmers (women and men) and local key informants in five sectors with varying agri-ecological conditions.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Social och ekonomisk geografi ->
Land tenure reform, agricultural transformation, land use consolidation, Rwanda
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2015-12-21 11:27

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