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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Normalization of aberrant resting state functional connectivity in fibromyalgia patients following a three month physical exercise therapy

Författare och institution:
P. Flodin (-); S. Martinsen (-); Kaisa Mannerkorpi (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för reumatologi och inflammationsforskning); M. Löfgren (-); I. Bileviciute-Ljungar (-); E. Kosek (-); P. Fransson (-)
Publicerad i:
NeuroImage, 9 s. 134-139
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Elsevier Inc.
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Physical exercise is one of the most efficient interventions to mitigate chronic pain symptoms in fibromyalgia (FM). However, little is known about the neurophysiological mechanisms mediating these effects. In this study we investigated resting-state connectivity using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) before and after a 15 week standardized exercise program supervised by physical therapists. Our aim was to gain an understanding of how physical exercise influences previously shown aberrant patterns of intrinsic brain activity in FM. Fourteen FM patients and eleven healthy controls successfully completed the physical exercise treatment. We investigated post- versus pre-treatment changes of brain connectivity, as well as changes in clinical symptoms in the patient group. FM patients reported improvements in symptom severity. Although several brain regions showed a treatment-related change in connectivity, only the connectivity between the right anterior insula and the left primary sensorimotor area was significantly more affected by the physical exercise among the fibromyalgia patients compared to healthy controls. Our results suggest that previously observed aberrant intrinsic brain connectivity patterns in FM are partly normalized by the physical exercise therapy. However, none of the observed normalizations in intrinsic brain connectivity were significantly correlated with symptom changes. Further studies conducted in larger cohorts are warranted to investigate the precise relationship between improvements in fibromyalgia symptoms and changes in intrinsic brain activity. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Reumatologi och inflammation
Abbreviations FM fibromyalgia, FIQ Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, PAG periaqueductal grey, SF36BP bodily pain subscale of the Short Form Health Survey, adult, adverse outcome, anterior insula, Article, behavior, bicycle ergometry, brain function, brain region, clinical article, clinical feature, connectome, controlled study, cycling, disease severity, electroencephalogram, female, fibromyalgia, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, functional magnetic resonance imaging, functional neuroimaging, human, isometric exercise, kinesiotherapy, longitudinal study, physiotherapist, priority journal, resting state network, sensorimotor cortex, stretching exercise, treatment duration
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2015-12-01 14:54

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