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You’re alright, it could have been worse: Perceived support needs of lucky and unlucky victims

Författare och institution:
Olof Wrede (Psykologiska institutionen); Erik Mac Giolla (Psykologiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
11th Meeting of the Nordic Network for Research on Psychology and Law, Reykjavik, Iceland,
Konferensbidrag, övrigt
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The ideal victim is weak, respectable, and without blame. In addition, we suggest the ideal victim is unlucky. The goal of the current study was to examine how the perceived luck of the victim influences observer’s judgments of victims’ need for support. Luck is a function of ones closeness to a counterfactual event. In brief, good luck is understood as a narrow missing of a negative counterfactual, whereas bad luck is understood as a narrow missing of a positive counterfactual. Most crime victims are likely to be perceived as unlucky, since they have experienced a negative event, where positive counterfactual situations are close at hand. However, people can appear lucky, even in negative circumstances, if an even more negative counterfactual situation is salient. Common parlance has terms for such situations—in English one speaks of ‘a blessing in disguise’. Our goal was to examine whether the degree of luck observers attribute to victims influence how observers perceive the victims. Specifically, we examined whether a victim whose situation is framed as lucky—a blessing in disguise—is perceived as having less need for social support than a victim whose situation is altogether unlucky.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Psykologi ->
Tillämpad psykologi
victimization, need for support, luck, ideal victim theory
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2015-12-01 09:45

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