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WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative: health-risk behaviors on nutrition and physical activity among 6–9-year-old schoolchildren

Författare och institution:
TMA Wijnhoven (-); JMA van Raaij (-); A Yngve (-); Agneta Sjöberg (Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap); M Kunesova (-); V Duleva (-); A Petrauskiene (-); A Rito (-); J Breda (-)
Publicerad i:
Public Health Nutrition, 17 ( 18 ) s. 3108-3124
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
OBJECTIVE: To assess to what extent eight behavioural health risks related to breakfast and food consumption and five behavioural health risks related to physical activity, screen time and sleep duration are present among schoolchildren, and to examine whether health-risk behaviours are associated with obesity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design as part of the WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (school year 2007/2008). Children's behavioural data were reported by their parents and children's weight and height measured by trained fieldworkers. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were performed. SETTING: Primary schools in Bulgaria, Lithuania, Portugal and Sweden; paediatric clinics in the Czech Republic. SUBJECTS: Nationally representative samples of 6-9-year-olds (n 15 643). RESULTS: All thirteen risk behaviours differed statistically significantly across countries. Highest prevalence estimates of risk behaviours were observed in Bulgaria and lowest in Sweden. Not having breakfast daily and spending screen time ≥2 h/d were clearly positively associated with obesity. The same was true for eating 'foods like pizza, French fries, hamburgers, sausages or meat pies' >3 d/week and playing outside <1 h/d. Surprisingly, other individual unhealthy eating or less favourable physical activity behaviours showed either no or significant negative associations with obesity. A combination of multiple less favourable physical activity behaviours showed positive associations with obesity, whereas multiple unhealthy eating behaviours combined did not lead to higher odds of obesity. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a categorization based on international health recommendations, individual associations of the thirteen health-risk behaviours with obesity were not consistent, whereas presence of multiple physical activity-related risk behaviours was clearly associated with higher odds of obesity.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Hälsovetenskaper ->
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi ->
Europe; Food consumption; Obesity; Physical activity; Schoolchildren
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2015-10-14 16:45
Posten ändrad:
2015-12-17 15:44

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