transparent gif


Ej inloggad.

Göteborgs universitets publikationer

No barrier to emergence of bathyal king crabs on the Antarctic shelf

Författare och institution:
Richard Aronson (-); KE Smith (-); SC Vos (-); JB McClintock (-); MO Amsler (-); Per-Olav Moksnes (Institutionen för marina vetenskaper); DS Ellis (-); JW Kaeli (-); H Singh (-); John W Bailey (-); Jessica C Schiferi (-); Robert Woesik van (-); Michael A Martin (-); Brittan V Steffel (-); Michelle E Deal (-); Steven M Lazarus (-); Jonathan N. Havenhand (Institutionen för marina vetenskaper); Rasmus Swalethorp (Institutionen för marina vetenskaper); Sanne Kjellerup (Institutionen för marina vetenskaper); S Thatje (-)
Publicerad i:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 112 ( 42 ) s. 12997-13002
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Cold-water conditions have excluded durophagous (skeleton-breaking) predators from the Antarctic seafloor for millions of years. Rapidly warming seas off the western Antarctic Peninsula could now facilitate their return to the continental shelf, with profound consequences for the endemic fauna. Among the likely first arrivals are king crabs (Lithodidae), which were discovered recently on the adjacent continental slope. During the austral summer of 2010‒2011, we used underwater imagery to survey a slope-dwelling population of the lithodid Paralomis birsteini off Marguerite Bay, western Antarctic Peninsula for environmental or trophic impediments to shoreward expansion. The population density averaged ∼4.5 individuals × 1,000 m−2 within a depth range of 1,100‒1,500 m (overall observed depth range 841–2,266 m). Images of juveniles, discarded molts, and precopulatory behavior, as well as gravid females in a trapping study, suggested a reproductively viable population on the slope. At the time of the survey, there was no thermal barrier to prevent the lithodids from expanding upward and emerging on the outer shelf (400- to 550-m depth); however, near-surface temperatures remained too cold for them to survive in inner-shelf and coastal environments (<200 m). Ambient salinity, composition of the substrate, and the depth distribution of potential predators likewise indicated no barriers to expansion of lithodids onto the outer shelf. Primary food resources for lithodids—echinoderms and mollusks—were abundant on the upper slope (550–800 m) and outer shelf. As sea temperatures continue to rise, lithodids will likely play an increasingly important role in the trophic structure of subtidal communities closer to shore.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Biologiska vetenskaper ->
Ekologi ->
Marin ekologi
biological invasion, polar emergence, climate change, predation, Southern Ocean
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2015-10-07 22:58
Posten ändrad:
2016-01-12 14:57

Visa i Endnote-format

Göteborgs universitet • Tel. 031-786 0000
© Göteborgs universitet 2007