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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Childhood Symptoms of ADHD Overrule Comorbidity in Relation to Psychosocial Outcome at Age 15: A Longitudinal Study

Författare och institution:
Eva Norén Selinus (-); Yasmina Molero (-); Paul Lichtenstein (-); Tomas Larson (Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa); Sebastian Lundström (Gillbergcentrum); Henrik Anckarsäter (Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa); Clara Hellner Gumpert (-)
Publicerad i:
PLoS ONE, 10 ( 9 ) s. e0137475
ISSN:
1932-6203
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2015
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Objective Neurodevelopmental problems (NDPs) may influence the transition from childhood to adolescence. Our aim was to study long-term psychosocial outcomes of NDPs, focusing on ADHD. Method Data was collected through a telephone interview with parents of twins at ages 9 or 12 years. NDP screen-positive children were clinically assessed at age 15; N = 450. Psychosocial outcome concerning peers, school, internalizing problems, antisocial behavior, alcohol misuse, drug misuse, and impaired daily functioning was examined. Results Even after controlling for other NDP comorbidity, screen-positivity for ADHD doubled or tripled the odds of later psychosocial problems. When controlling for parental education level, the significant effect of ADHD remained only for antisocial behavior and impaired daily functioning. Conclusions Signs of NDPs as well as other psychiatric diagnoses at ages 9 or 12 years are associated with a more problematic adolescence. However, despite the presence of comorbidity, early ADHD symptoms stand out as the most important risk factor for later antisocial development and impaired daily functioning.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin ->
Psykiatri ->
Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
Nyckelord:
ADHD Schools Behavior Children Health screening Oppositional defiant disorder Twins Violent crime
Postens nummer:
222352
Posten skapad:
2015-09-13 15:33
Posten ändrad:
2016-08-15 14:29

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