transparent gif


Ej inloggad.

Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Havrefolket. Studier i befolknings- och marknadsutveckling på Dalboslätten 1770-1930

Författare och institution:
Erik Hallberg (Institutionen för historiska studier)
Antal sidor:
386 s., xxxvi pl.-s.
University of Gothenburg
Datum för examination:
Tidpunkt för examination:
Lilla Hörsalen
Ronny Pettersson
Sammanfattning (abstract):
In this thesis the relationship between the rapid demographic and economic development of agrarian Sweden during the 19th century is investigated. The area in focus is the Dalbo plain in the province of Dal in western Sweden. In the 19th century, land was reclaimed to a great extent in the area. Soon it emerged as a centre of Swedish grain production, mainly of oats. At the same time, population growth was one of the highest in Sweden. Furthermore, an ever more stratified society emerged. In an effort to explain this transformation, this thesis examines institutional changes regarding land holding, viz. the enclosure of land held in common for grazing, as well as the organisation of labour, particularly the creation of crofts and cottages. It is argued that these new institutions of property and new class relations were of great importance for population growth and land reclamation. However, from around 1880 oats from the Dalbo plain was no longer competitive in the European market. Even more devastating, many of the landless and the young moved to emerging opportunities in America or urban Sweden. Labour shortages seem to have con- tributed heavily to mechanisation and an increased production of livestock. To further examine the relationship between production and reproduction a family reconstruction is carried out. The results reveal that population growth in the early 19th century mainly was due to a rise in marriage frequency. In this respect, enclosure of the commons seems to have led to a pull-effect. In-migration was substantial, an increasing number of couples could marry and at a rather young age (e.g. 23 years for peasant wives), in spite of an ever lower mortality rate. However, population growth was halted in the 1860s and from around 1880 depopulation followed. This, in turn, was due to a significant drop in the marriage rate and a substantial rise in the marriage age. Only later, at the start of the 20th century, marriage fertility began to fall, more distinctly among the land-less and, quite interestingly, also among secularised peasants. Thus, some demographic variables – migration, mar- riage rate and marriage age – seem to be quite heavily influenced by the economic and social development, while marriage fertility seems to be more loosely bound and also open to influence from cultural factors.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Ekonomi och näringsliv ->
Ekonomisk historia
Social och ekonomisk geografi
Historia och arkeologi
modern history, Dalsland, Sweden, north-western Europe, agricultural revolution, demographic transi- tion, population growth, enclosure, market, long depression, depopulation, land reclamation, capital accumulation, fertility, proletarianisation, migration, religion
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2015-04-01 08:53
Posten ändrad:
2015-04-10 12:57

Visa i Endnote-format

Göteborgs universitet • Tel. 031-786 0000
© Göteborgs universitet 2007