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EMNCs and catch-up processes: The case of four Indian industries

Författare och institution:
Kristin Brandl (Graduate School (Handelshögskolan)); R. Mudambi (-)
Publicerad i:
Understanding Multinationals from Emerging Markets, s. 129-152
Kapitel, refereegranskat
Cambridge University Press
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Introduction It has already been widely recognized, at least in the academic literature, that the set of emerging economies constitute a very diverse group, so that sweeping generalizations about the process of “emergence” almost always lead to incorrect conclusions (Ramamurti and Singh, 2009). Emerging market economies range from “middle income” countries like Brazil and Taiwan to fairly poor countries like China, India, and Indonesia. Sometimes, even wealthy economies like South Korea and Singapore are placed in this group. All these countries have different comparative advantages and specialize in different industries, so their catch-up processes are extremely country-specific. However, it is less widely acknowledged that economic activities within emerging market economies are also quite heterogeneous. In this chapter we focus on catch-up processes within the Indian economy and highlight three critical aspects. Early work in development economics recognized that many developing countries were characterized by so-called “dual” economies, where backward sectors (usually subsistence agriculture) co-existed with relatively advanced export-oriented sectors (Nurkse, 1955). We expect such sectoral diversity to be even more pronounced in rapidly changing emerging market economies like India. Sectors and industries differ dramatically in terms of the extent to which they are backward relative to world standards (Lorenzen and Mudambi, 2010). Hence, in studying catch-up processes in the Indian economy, the first key aspect that we document in this chapter is the importance of industry context.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Ekonomi och näringsliv ->
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2015-03-19 13:40
Posten ändrad:
2015-03-19 13:41

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