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Physiological and histological characterisation of a pig kidney in vitro perfusion model for xenotransplantation studies.

Författare och institution:
Michael Breimer (Institutionen för de kirurgiska disciplinerna, Avdelningen för kirurgi); Christian T. Svalander (-); B Haraldsson (-); S Björck (-)
Publicerad i:
Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology, 30 ( 3 ) s. 213-21
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
A pig kidney perfusion model aimed for use in immunological and physiological xenotransplantation research has been developed. Organ viability was characterised by clearance studies, functional response to hormones/diureticum and by light microscopical examination. The pig kidney was perfused in a specially designed plexiglass chamber, using a roller pump and a small membrane oxygenator (O2/CO2, 95/5). The recirculating perfusate used was autologous pig blood diluted by Tyrodes solution to a hematocrit of 30%, at a total starting volume of 600-650 ml. The temperature was 37 degrees C. It was crucial for good organ function that the nephrectomy operating time, as well as the warm (1-2 min) and cold ischemia (average 43 min) times were minimized. The average total perfusion time was 151 minutes. Physiological parameters were measured during 10-15 minute periods at average times of 40, 63, 88 and 142 minutes. The clearance values of inulin in these periods were 54 +/- 13, 59 +/- 15, 48 +/- 23, 27 +/- 5 and for PAH; 103 +/- 14, 121 +/- 14, 106 +/- 30, 114 +/- 34 ml/min/100 g tissue weight. The plasma flows were 123 +/- 12, 155 +/- 17, 136 +/- 36 and 206 +/- 57 ml/min/100 g. The injection of 0.5 micrograms of alpha ANP to the perfusate resulted in a significant decrease in vascular resistance, and increase in urine production (+107%), as well as sodium (+112%) and potassium (+46%) excretion. Ten mg furosemide doubled the urine production and sodium excretion, while potassium excretion increased marginally. The number of leucocytes decreased by 39% during the perfusion, while the platelet count was unaffected. Light microscopy of the renal tissue after termination of the experiments revealed endothelial damage to variable extent. Loss of endothelial cells was most obvious at the level of arcuate and interlobular arteries, while the endothelium was intact in larger arteries and veins. Accumulation of polymorphonuclear granulocytes was found predominantly in the peritubular vessels, and to a lesser degree in the cortical venules. In the tubular cells, only minimal epithelial swelling and irregular cytoplasmic vacuolisation was found. Thus, a good functional viability can be maintained during 2 hours in vitro perfusion, although a decline in function as well as structural damage can be seen at the end of the experiment.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Kirurgi ->
Animals, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, pharmacology, Endothelium, pathology, Female, Furosemide, pharmacology, In Vitro Techniques, Inulin, metabolism, Kidney, pathology, physiology, Kidney Transplantation, Leukocyte Count, Male, Neutrophils, pathology, Perfusion, Platelet Count, Potassium, urine, Renal Plasma Flow, Sodium, urine, Swine, Temperature, Time Factors, Tissue Survival, Transplantation, Heterologous, Urine, Vascular Resistance, drug effects
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2015-01-29 17:02
Posten ändrad:
2016-09-01 11:29

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