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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

The effects of age on circulating vascular markers and cardiac prognostic markers, before and after 2 months home-based high-frequency exercise training in patients with stable coronary artery disease

Författare och institution:
Smita DuttaRoy (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin); Debashish Banerjee (Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för medicinsk kemi och cellbiologi); Jonas Nilsson (Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för klinisk kemi och transfusionsmedicin); Ola Hammarsten (Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för klinisk kemi och transfusionsmedicin); Åsa Cider (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi); Maria Bäck (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin); Bertil Wennerblom (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin); Mats Börjesson (-)
Publicerad i:
European Heart Journal. European Society of Cardiology, 30 August - 3 September 2014, Barcelona, 35 ( Supplement: 1 ) s. 659-659 Meeting Abstract: P3619
Konferensbidrag - refereegranskat abstract
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Purpose: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal derived factor (SDF-1) play an important role in angiogenesis. Relaxin-2 (Rlx-2) has both angiogenic and vasodilatory properties, while endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasocontrictor.VEGF, SDF-1 and Rlx-2-levels have shown to be positively modulated by exercise training, while the effect of exercise on (Rlx-2) is not known. Age is a known risk factor for morbidity and mortality in coronary artery disease (CAD). We wanted to investigate how age affects levels of these vascular factors and known prognostic cardiac markers before and after high frequency exercise training (HFE), in patients with CAD. Methods: Patients with stable CAD (age 48-80 years) were randomized to HFE (aerobic exercise 70% of max, 30 minutes, 5 times/week and resistance exercise 3 times/week), performed at home for 8 weeks, or usual lifestyle (ctrl). Serum and plasma was collected from 21 controls and 24 HFE-patients and analyzed at baseline and after 8 weeks. VEGF, SDF-1, Rlx-2 and ET-1were analyzed with enzymelinked immunoadsorbent assay (ELISA). TnT and NT-pro-BNP were analyzed on Cobas e602 (Roche). Correlation was calculated using the statistical software Graph Pad Prism 6. Pearson’s r was calculated to determine correlation between the factors prior to exercise, while Spearman’s r was used for the analysis on the exercise induced effects of the HFE-group. The exercise-induced effect on cardiac biomarkers was determined by comparing % change (from baseline to 8 weeks) between HFE and Ctrl using Mann-Whitney U-test. Results: At baseline, there was a significant positive correlation between age and TnT (r=0.38, p<0.05) and a non-significant positive correlation between age and NT-proBNP (r=0.36, p=0.06), while no correlation was found between age and levels of vascular markers (VEGF r=-0,14, SDF-1 r=-0,13, ET-1 r=0,08, Rlx-2 r=0,06, p=ns for all). As we have previously shown, home-based HFE decreased VEGF (2,6+29% (ctrl) and -3,9 +13% (HFE), p<0,05), but the other studied factors were not significantly affected. We found no correlation between age and changes in cardiac markers after exercise. Conclusions: Elderly patients with stable CAD have higher levels of TnT and NT-proBNP, indicating a higher degree of underlying CAD. This may also reflect their higher mortality in CAD. HFE-training may lower VEGF in patients with stable CAD. Interestingly, there seems to be no difference in the respone response to exercise in cardiac biomarkers, between younger and older CAD patients
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
coronary artery disease, exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation, biomarkers
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-12-21 15:39
Posten ändrad:
2016-06-10 13:47

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