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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Oral health inequalities in Italian schoolchildren - a cross-sectional evaluation

Författare och institution:
G. Carta (-); M. G. Cagetti (-); S. Sale (-); G. Congiu (-); L. Strohmenger (-); F. Oleari (-); M. Bossu (-); Peter Lingström (Institutionen för odontologi, sektion 3); G. Campus (-)
Publicerad i:
Community Dental Health, 31 ( 2 ) s. 123-128
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Objective: To evaluate which of the following indicators of socio-economic status (SES) has the strongest association with dental caries status in a 6-year-old population: the educational level of each parent (individual-level); the mean price of housing/m(2) in the area where the family resides; or the mean per capita income in the area where the family lives (area-level). Material and Methods: Dental caries was recorded in 2,040 schoolchildren (42.5% boys, 57.5% girls) using decayed/missed/filled surface index (d(3) level) in primary dentition. Parents filled in a standardised questionnaire regarding nationality, level of education, frequency of dental check-up and perception of child's oral health and child's oral hygiene habits. Results: At the individual-level of SES, mothers' educational level was associated with their children's caries severity (chi(2)((9)) (9)= 147.51 p<0.01): as educational level rose the proportion of children with high numbers of carious lesions fell. The two income indicators (area-level SES) were not associated. A multinomial logistic regression model was run for caries risk factors. Caries severity was used as dependent variable and the model was stratified by mothers' educational level. Mothers' perception of child's oral health was the only covariate that was always associated in every caries severity strata and for each level of mothers' education. Conclusions: The present study shows that mothers' educational level is a useful individual SES indicator for caries in Italian children living in a low-income population.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
dental caries, socio-economic status, socio-behavioural variables, primary dentition, Italian, NATIONAL PATHFINDER SURVEY, DENTAL-CARIES, CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS, SEVERITY, VALIDITY, COUNTY, INCOME, Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-12-16 15:40
Posten ändrad:
2015-05-27 17:05

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