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Explaining the Variation in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Between Households: Socioeconomic, Motivational, and Physical Factors

Författare och institution:
Jonas Nässén (Mistra Urban Futures, Chalmers/GU & Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori, Chalmers); David Andersson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori, Chalmers & Mistra Urban Futures, Chalmers/GU); Jörgen Larsson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori, Chalmers & Mistra Urban Futures, Chalmers/GU); John Holmberg (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori, Chalmers & Mistra Urban Futures, Chalmers/GU)
Publicerad i:
Journal of Industrial Ecology, 19 ( 3 ) s. 480-489
ISSN:
1088-1980
E-ISSN:
1530-9290
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2015
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Consumption-accounted greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (GHGEs) vary considerably between households. Research originating from different traditions, including consumption research, urban planning, and environmental psychology, have studied different types of explanatory variables and provided different insights into this matter. This study integrates explanatory variables from different fields of research in the same empirical material, including socioeconomic variables (income, household size, sex, and age), motivational variables (proenvironmental attitudes and social norms), and physical variables (dwelling types and geographical distances). A survey was distributed to 2,500 Swedish households with a response rate of 40%. GHGEs were estimated for transport, residential energy, food, and other consumption, using data from both the survey and registers, such as odometer readings of cars and electricity consumption from utility providers. The results point toward the importance of explanatory variables that have to do with circumstances rather than motivations for proenvironmental behaviors. Net income was found to be the most important variable to explain GHGEs, followed by the physical variables, dwelling type, and the geographical distance index. The results also indicate that social norms around GHG-intensive activities, for example, transport, may have a larger impact on a subject's emission level than proenvironmental attitudes.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
NATURVETENSKAP ->
Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap ->
Miljövetenskap
TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER ->
Naturresursteknik ->
Energisystem
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP ->
Annan samhällsvetenskap ->
Tvärvetenskapliga studier
Nyckelord:
consumer behavior, energy, food, industrial ecology, greenhouse gas emissions, transport
Chalmers styrkeområden:
Energi
Transport
Chalmers drivkrafter:
Hållbar utveckling
Postens nummer:
207788
Ingår i post nr:
Posten skapad:
2014-12-10 09:19
Posten ändrad:
2016-06-28 15:43

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