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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Organic iodine in Antarctic sea ice: a comparison between winter in the Weddell Sea and summer in the Amundsen Sea

Författare och institution:
Anna Granfors (Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi); Martin Ahnoff (Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi); Matthew M. Mills (-); Katarina Abrahamsson (Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi)
Publicerad i:
Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 119 ( 12 ) s. 2276-2291
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Recent studies have recognized sea ice as a source of reactive iodine to the Antarctic boundary layer. Volatile iodinated compounds (iodocarbons) are released from sea ice, and they have been suggested to contribute to the formation of iodine oxide (IO), which takes part in tropospheric ozone destruction in the polar spring. We measured iodocarbons (CH3I, CH2ClI, CH2BrI and CH2I2) in sea ice, snow, brine and air during two expeditions to Antarctica, OSO 10/11 to the Amundsen Sea during austral summer, and ANT XXIX/6 to the Weddell Sea in austral winter. These are the first reported measurements of iodocarbons from the Antarctic winter. Iodocarbons were enriched in sea ice in relation to seawater in both summer and winter. During summer the positive relationship to Chl a biomass indicated a biological origin. We suggest that CH3I is formed biotically in sea ice during both summer and winter. For CH2ClI, CH2BrI and CH2I2 an additional abiotic source at the snow-ice interface in winter is suggested . Elevated air concentrations of CH3I and CH2ClI during winter indicate that they are enriched in lower troposphere and may take part in formation of IO at polar sunrise.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap
Iodintaed halocarbons, Antarctica, winter, summer, ozone degradation, sea ice
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-12-04 14:40
Posten ändrad:
2015-07-16 14:54

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