transparent gif


Ej inloggad.

Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Report Nr. 2013:1 - Assessment of Progress Towards Europe 2020 Objectives

Författare och institution:
Björn Halleröd (Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap)
Antal sidor:
European Commission
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The Swedish welfare state, including taxation policies, is based on the idea of activation. The reforms implemented, in particular since 2007, are even more emphasising this underlying feature of the Swedish model. Hence, work is more than ever an entrance ticket to the so-called universalistic Swedish welfare state. The more recent changes of welfare provisions and taxations can briefly be summarized as follow: Job tax deduction, which means that income from work is taxed significantly lower than other types of incomes. Since most social benefits including pensions are taxed, job tax deduction is seen as an important activation measure. Eligibility criteria applied in the income maintenance (social insurance) system has become stricter. Strict deadlines and time limits have been introduced in both sickness benefit and unemployment benefits. The early retirement system has been reformed and is now a part of the sickness insurance system (not the pension system) and renamed to sickness and activation benefit (sjuk- och aktivitetsersättningen). Because of mainly non-decisions the income ceilings, i.e., the maximum benefit, in the social insurance system have been kept more or less constant over time. At same time the average income increase has been substantial. As consequence the system is developing into a flat rate system and the relative income loss most people are experience in case of illness or unemployment is substantial and increasing over time. The national norm for social assistance only increased marginally during the past decade. Hence, the gap between income from social assistance and income from work has increased dramatically. The most serious flaw in the current policy is that the Government, even though the gradually are forced to rethink this position, seem to believe that everyone can, if given enough support and coaching, find an employment (or self-employment). Hence, the Government do not have an integrated policy about how to provide a decent living, including decent incomes, for people that are unable to support themselves via the labour market. The current policy continues to deepen the economic divide between those who are fully integrated at the labour market and those who are excluded from the labour market. Poverty rates among the latter groups has increased dramatically during the past decade. The current policy is still largely based on the program that the current coalition partners presented before the 2006 election. Thus, it is hard to point at any major change of direction since last years report. The main policy issues for the coming years are: A) Restoring the universalistic income maintenance principle in the social insurance programs (first and foremost within the unemployment insurance and the sickness benefit program). B) Guaranteeing an adequate income standard also for those who are furthest away from the labour market. C) Prioritize human capital investments among unemployed, in particularly among the long- term unemployed. D) It has become more and more evident that the fragmented and market based school system that has evolved during the past decades generates increasing inequalities between school and, hence, increases difference in life chances between children. The Government need to take action that equalize differences between schools and guarantee the quality of all schools.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-11-19 09:16

Visa i Endnote-format

Göteborgs universitet • Tel. 031-786 0000
© Göteborgs universitet 2007