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Report No.1. 2012: Assessment of progress towards the Europe 2020 objectives

Författare och institution:
Björn Halleröd (Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap)
Antal sidor:
European Commission
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Even though economic growth is expected to slow down during 2012 the Swedish economy is in comparatively good shape. Budget deficit is almost negligible, state debt is low and balance of trade is positive. Hence, Sweden is not, and has not during the past years, forced to any austerity measures. Social reforms, for example more strict rules when it comes to unemployment insurance, sickness benefits are either defined as being pro-active or more or less ideological. The employment rate is compared to most European countries high and Sweden already meet the 2020 goal. But, regardless of the positive macro-economic situation the unemployment rate is high, the average for 2011 was 6.2 per cent. The situation is especially troublesome for young people and immigrants, two groups that traditionally faces problem at the Swedish labour market. Both these problems are addressed by the Government but in, I would say, a rather indecisive way. An additional problem is that long–term unemployment is increasing, a problem that is not addressed in the NRP. The in-risk of poverty rate and income inequality is rising and has been so since the mid-1990s. The main explanation for this is that divide between those fully established at the labour market and those outside the labour market or in marginal labour market position. The former group has during this period experienced substantive income increases that, for different reasons, have not been matched by increases in the various income support systems. The result is that people outside the labour market are falling behind. The Government do not really have a policy to address this problem and it is in fact not clear if they at all perceive at as a problem. The Government’s policy focus almost solely on supply side employment measures. A serious flaw in this approach is that it lacks a strategy of how to prevent poverty and social exclusion among those who realistically cannot support themselves via employment. The Swedish NRP quiet naturally mirrors the Government’s spring budget. Both document are signified by a kind of piecemeal continuation of the now well-known and well-established policy. The spring budget was criticized for its lack of visions. The Government’s response is that they will come back with a more strategic budget in the autumn. Sweden has currently not provided the NSR. I do not know if that is a big problem, my guess is that the NSR to a large degree will repeat what is written in the NRP, which in turn reflect what is written in the spring budget.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-11-19 09:08
Posten ändrad:
2014-11-19 09:14

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