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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Diverse workplaces and interethnic friendship formation – A multilevel comparison across 21 OECD countries

Författare och institution:
Andrej Kokkonen (Statsvetenskapliga institutionen); Peter Esaiasson (Statsvetenskapliga institutionen); Mikael Gilljam (Statsvetenskapliga institutionen)
Publicerad i:
Journal of ethnic and migration studies, 41 ( 2 ) s. 284–305
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
We study how workplace diversity affects how native-born populations form interethnic friendship relations. Drawing on network elasticity research, the relationship between functional and cognitive interdependencies, and intergroup contact theory, we argue that diverse workplaces—because they restrict individuals’ opportunities to act on tendencies towards homophily more than other social units—have a particularly strong potential for integration. We test our argument by analysing data from the first round of the European Social Survey with multilevel modelling. In line with expectations, we find that individuals who work at diverse workplaces are more likely than individuals who work at homogenous workplaces to have immigrant friends; that workplace diversity is more efficacious than neighbourhood diversity in generating interethnic friendship relations; and that the association between workplace diversity and the likelihood of having immigrant friends is stronger among individuals who have a low level of education, feel economically vulnerable, and who live in countries characterized by relative resource scarcity.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
ethnic diversity, Integration, Workplaces, Friendship, Ethnic Relations, Contact Hypothesis, Conflict Hypothesis
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-10-15 17:35
Posten ändrad:
2014-12-19 10:47

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