transparent gif

 

Ej inloggad.

Göteborgs universitets publikationer

The effect of secondary inorganic aerosols, soot and the geographical origin of air mass on acute myocardial infarction hospitalisations in Gothenburg, Sweden during 1985-2010: A case-crossover study

Författare och institution:
Janine Wichmann (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för arbets-och miljömedicin); K. Sjöberg (-); L. Tang (-); Marie Haeger-Eugensson (-); Annika Rosengren (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin); Eva M. Andersson (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för arbets-och miljömedicin); Lars Barregård (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för arbets-och miljömedicin); Gerd Sallsten (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för arbets-och miljömedicin)
Publicerad i:
Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source, 13 ( 1 )
E-ISSN:
1476-069X
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2014
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
© 2014 Wichmann et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Background: The relative importance of different sources of air pollution for cardiovascular disease is unclear. The aims were to compare the associations between acute myocardial infarction (AMI) hospitalisations in Gothenburg, Sweden and 1) the long-range transported (LRT) particle fraction, 2) the remaining particle fraction, 3) geographical air mass origin, and 4) influence of local dispersion during 1985-2010. Methods. A case-crossover design was applied using lag0 (the exposure the same day as hospitalisation), lag1 (exposure one day prior hospitalisation) and 2-day cumulative average exposure (CA2) (mean of lag0 and lag1). The LRT fractions included PMion(sum of sulphate, nitrate and ammonium) and soot measured at a rural site. The difference between urban PM10(particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than 10 μm) and rural PMionwas a proxy for locally generated PM10(PMrest). The daily geographical origin of air mass was estimated as well as days with limited or effective local dispersion. The entire year was considered, as well as warm and cold periods, and different time periods. Results: In total 28 215 AMI hospitalisations occurred during 26 years. PM10, PMion, PMrestand soot did not influence AMI for the entire year. In the cold period, the association was somewhat stronger for PMrestthan for urban PM10;the strongest associations were observed during 1990-2000 between AMI and CA2 of PMrest(6.6% per inter-quartile range (IQR), 95% confidence interval 2.1 to 11.4%) and PM10(4.1%, 95% CI 0.2% - 8.2%). Regarding the geographical air mass origins there were few associations. Days with limited local dispersion showed an association with AMI in the cold period of 2001-2010 (6.7%, 95% CI 0.0% - 13.0%). Conclusions: In the cold period, locally generated PM and days with limited local dispersion affected AMI hospitalisations, indicating importance of local emissions from e.g. traffic.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Hälsovetenskaper ->
Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin ->
Miljömedicin
Nyckelord:
Acute myocardial infarction , Air pollution , Case-crossover , Geographical air mass origin , Gothenburg , Hospitalisations , Secondary inorganic aerosols , Soot
Postens nummer:
203880
Posten skapad:
2014-10-07 16:08
Posten ändrad:
2016-06-10 13:35

Visa i Endnote-format

Göteborgs universitet • Tel. 031-786 0000
© Göteborgs universitet 2007