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Long-term changes of socioeconomic differences in height among young adult men in Southern Sweden, 1818–1968

Författare och institution:
Stefan Öberg (Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, Ekonomisk historia)
Publicerad i:
Economics and Human Biology, 15 s. 140-152
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Fulltextlänk (lokalt arkiv):
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The study explores the long-term trends in socioeconomic differences in height among young adult men. We linked information from conscript inspections to a longitudinal demographic database of five parishes in Southern Sweden. Detailed information on the occupation and landholding was used to investigate the differences in height. Even if there is indication of a reduction in the magnitude of the differences in height over time the reduction is neither dramatic nor uniform. The most systematic and consistent difference is that sons of fathers with white collar occupations were taller than others. They were 4 cm taller than the sons of low-skilled manual workers in the first half of the 19th century, and almost 2 cm taller in the mid-20th century. This difference is much smaller than those found between elite and destitute groups historically, in for example Britain, but comparable to that found in other studies on 19th century populations using information on family background. Most of the reduction in the socioeconomic differences in height was a result of reduced height penalty and premium for small disadvantaged and privileged groups. Changes in the distribution of income and the economic structure are plausible explanations for the changes in socioeconomic differences in height.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Ekonomi och näringsliv ->
Ekonomisk historia
Sociologi ->
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi) ->
Socioeconomic differences; Social class; Height; Long-term changes; Secular trend
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-09-21 18:56
Posten ändrad:
2015-02-14 21:41

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