The Internationalization of Innovation: Off-shoring Home base Innovative processes in Software to a Host Nation Innovation System
Författare och institution:
Olof Zaring (Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, Innovation and Entrepreneurship (IIE))
McKelvey, M. and Bagchi-Sen, S. Innovation Spaces in Asia: Entrepreneurs, Multinational Enterprises and Policy,
Edward Elgar Publishers
This chapter explores the strategies and experiences of a small European software firm. The case study covers three phases in the development of the firm and its innovative activities in software in relation to financing and markets. During the period covered, the firm shifts from being a Western based entrepreneurial venture started by software/engineering students, to a home based multinational enterprise with global links to a multinational enterprise with significant innovation in Sri Lanka. The perspective here is how, over time, the firm interacts with the national innovation system in the host-nation, in such a way as to change the location of innovative activities for reasons having to do with financing, markets and crisis.
Based upon the analysis of the interwoven narrative of the development of technology, markets, financing and sourcing software development, the chapter proposes three distinct periods. They are: 1) The founding phase: building the domestic R&D base early 1980s to early 1990s. 2) The expansion phase: R&D internationalization through direct investments in early 1990s to late 2000. 3) The phase of consolidation, adaptation, and internationalization of innovative activities, 2000 to 2010. The case study illustrates how the internationalization of innovation processes can be used to maintain the competitive edge of a company as well as the necessity of having a host-nation innovation system which can provide relevant skilled labour and technological assets.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
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