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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Lack of local suppression in orally tolerant CD8-deficient mice reveals a critical regulatory role of CD8+ T cells in the normal gut mucosa.

Författare och institution:
Dubravka Grdic Eliasson (Institutionen för medicinsk mikrobiologi och immunologi); Elisabeth Hultgren-Hörnquist (Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin, Avdelningen för klinisk immunologi); Martin Kjerrulf (-); Nils Y Lycke (Institutionen för medicinsk mikrobiologi och immunologi)
Publicerad i:
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 160 ( 2 ) s. 754-62
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
We found that feeding keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) to CD8-deficient (CD8-/-) mice induced oral tolerance that was comparable in both magnitude and quality to that induced in wild-type (wt) mice. The tolerance was dose dependent, and only higher doses of KLH caused significant reduction in specific Ab and T cell responses. Both Th1 and Th2 CD4+ T cell functions were affected. Feeding KLH together with cholera toxin (CT) adjuvant, however, abrogated the induction of oral tolerance equally well in CD8-/- and wt mice. On the contrary, CT adjuvant was unable to abrogate already established oral tolerance in both CD8-/- and wt mice. Most importantly, whereas Ag feeding induced hyporesponsiveness in systemic as well as in local gut IgA responses in wt mice, a lack of local suppression was evident in orally tolerant CD8-/- mice following oral immunizations. Thus, contrary to the situation in wt mice, Ag feeding induces systemic, but not local, gut IgA hyporesponsiveness in CD8-/- mice, suggesting that CD8+ T cells in the normal gut mucosa exert an important down-regulatory function. In wt mice the local suppression extended to an unrelated Ag, OVA, given together with KLH and CT adjuvant, i.e., bystander suppression. Based on these results we propose that tolerance induced by feeding Ag is highly compartmentalized, requiring CD8+ T cells for local suppression of IgA responses, whereas systemic tolerance may affect CD4+ T cells of both Th1 and Th2 types independently of CD8+ T cells. Finally, the adjuvant effect of CT abrogates induction, but not established, oral tolerance through a mechanism that does not require CD8+ T cells.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Biologiska vetenskaper
Medicinska grundvetenskaper
Adjuvants, Immunologic, administration & dosage, Animals, Antigens, administration & dosage, Antigens, CD8, genetics, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, immunology, Cholera Toxin, administration & dosage, Eating, genetics, immunology, Hemocyanin, administration & dosage, immunology, Immune Tolerance, genetics, immunology, Intestinal Mucosa, cytology, immunology, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Transgenic, Th1 Cells, immunology, Th2 Cells, immunology
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-05-27 16:54
Posten ändrad:
2014-05-28 13:52

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