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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Hospital mortality after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest among patients found in ventricular fibrillation.

Författare och institution:
Johan Herlitz (Hjärt-kärlinstitutionen); L Ekström (-); B Wennerblom (-); Åsa B. Axelsson (Hjärt-kärlinstitutionen); Angela Bång (Hjärt-kärlinstitutionen); S Holmberg (-)
Publicerad i:
Resuscitation, 29 ( 1 ) s. 11-21
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The aim of this study was to describe factors associated with in-hospital mortality among patients being hospitalised after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and who were found in ventricular fibrillation. The study was set in the community of Göteborg, Sweden. The subjects consisted of all patients who were hospitalised alive after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, being reached by our mobile coronary care unit and who were found in ventricular fibrillation, between 1981 and 1992. In all, 488 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria of which 262 (54%) died during initial hospitalization. In a multivariate analysis including age, sex, history of cardiovascular disease, chronic medication prior to arrest and circumstances at the time of arrest, the following appeared as independent predictors of hospital mortality: (1) interval between collapse and first defibrillation (P < 0.001); (2) on chronic medication with diuretics (P < 0.01); (3) age (P < 0.01); (4) bystander initiated CPR (P < 0.05); and (5) a history of diabetes (P < 0.05). In a multivariate analysis considering various aspects of status on admission to hospital, the following were independently associated with death: (1) degree of consciousness (P < 0.001) and (2) systolic blood pressure (P < 0.05). In conclusion, among patients with out of hospital cardiac arrest found in ventricular fibrillation and being hospitalised alive, 54% died in hospital. The in-hospital mortality was related to patient characteristics before the cardiac arrest as well as to factors at the resuscitation itself.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cause of Death, Child, Emergency Medical Services, Female, Heart Arrest, complications, mortality, therapy, Hospital Mortality, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Resuscitation, Ventricular Fibrillation, complications, mortality
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-05-01 18:47

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