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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Diverse arachnoid cyst morphology indicates different pathophysiological origins

Författare och institution:
Katrin Rabiei (-); Magnus Tisell (-); Carsten Wikkelsö (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi); Bengt R Johansson (Institutionen för biomedicin)
Publicerad i:
Fluids and Barriers of the CNS, 11 ( 1 ) s. Article number 5
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Abstract Background There are few, limited, and to some extent contradictory, reports on the cellular and subcellular morphology of arachnoid cysts. In the literature cyst membranes are described as similar to, or as vastly different from, normal arachnoid membranes. Methods This paper reports electron microscopic analyses of symptomatic cysts from 24 patients (12 males and 12 females; age 10–79), that underwent fenestration surgery. Fourteen cysts were located in the middle cranial fossa (temporal), one in the interpeduncular cistern, five in the posterior fossa, and four were overlying the frontal cortex. Results Microscopic findings confirmed the diverse nature of this clinical condition. Twelve cyst walls resembled normal arachnoid, four had a conspicuous core of dense fibrous tissue with a simple epithelial lining, and the remaining aberrant cysts exhibited non-arachnoid luminal epithelia with plentiful microvilli and/or cilia, and also nervous tissue components in the wall. The possible identity and origin of various cyst types are discussed. We hypothesize that cysts are formed mostly at an early stage of embryonic development, as a teratological event. Conclusions Cysts with various epithelial linings and extracellular components most likely have different barrier properties and fluid turnover characteristics. Further studies are needed to elucidate relations between cyst morphology, fluid composition, pathogenesis, and clinical behaviour including growth rate and relapse tendency.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-04-14 14:16
Posten ändrad:
2015-03-10 15:17

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