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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Continuing high early death rate in acute promyelocytic leukemia: a population-based report from the Swedish Adult Acute Leukemia Registry.

Författare och institution:
S Lehmann (-); A Ravn (-); L Carlsson (-); P Antunovic (-); S Deneberg (-); L Möllgård (-); A Rangert Derolf (-); Dick Stockelberg (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin); U Tidefelt (-); A Wahlin (-); Lovisa Wennström (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin); M Höglund (-); G Juliusson (-)
Publicerad i:
Leukemia, 25 ( 7 ) s. 1128-34
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Our knowledge about acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients is mainly based on data from clinical trials, whereas population-based information is scarce. We studied APL patients diagnosed between 1997 and 2006 in the population-based Swedish Adult Acute Leukemia Registry. Of a total of 3897 acute leukemia cases, 3205 (82%) had non-APL acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 105 (2.7%) had APL. The incidence of APL was 0.145 per 100,000 inhabitants per year. The median age at the time of diagnosis was 54 years; 62% were female and 38% male. Among younger APL patients, female sex predominated (89% of patients <40 years). Of the 105 APL patients, 30 (29%) died within 30 days (that is, early death (ED)) (median 4 days) and 28 (26%) within 14 days from diagnosis. In all, 41% of the EDs were due to hemorrhage; 35% of ED patients never received all-trans-retinoic acid treatment. ED rates increased with age but more clearly with poor performance status. ED was also associated with high white blood cells, lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine, C-reactive protein and low platelet count. Of non-ED patients, 97% achieved complete remission of which 16% subsequently relapsed. In total, 62% are still alive at 6.4 years median follow-up. We conclude that ED rates remain very high in an unselected APL population.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin
Klinisk medicin ->
Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, therapeutic use, Cause of Death, Female, Hemorrhage, etiology, mortality, Humans, Incidence, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute, blood, complications, diagnosis, drug therapy, mortality, Male, Middle Aged, Mortality, trends, Prognosis, Registries, Risk Factors, Sex Distribution, Sweden, epidemiology, Time Factors, Young Adult
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-04-04 19:02

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