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A happier and less sinister past, a more hedonistic and less fatalistic present and a more structured future: time perspective and well-being

Författare och institution:
Uta Sailer (Psykologiska institutionen); Patricia Rosenberg (-); Ali Al Nima (Psykologiska institutionen); Amelie Gamble (Psykologiska institutionen); Tommy Gärling (Psykologiska institutionen); Trevor Archer (Psykologiska institutionen); Danilo Garcia (Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa)
Publicerad i:
PeerJ, 2 s. e303
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Background. Previous studies have established a link between how people relate to their past, present, and future (i.e., time perspective) and subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive and negative affect). Time perspective comprises five dimensions: Past Positive, Past Negative, Present Hedonistic, Present Fatalistic, and Future. Life satisfaction can also be evaluated in relation to different time frames. Moreover, approach related positive affect is associated to a different concept of well-being labeled psychological well-being. In the present study we extend previous findings by investigating the effect of time perspective on the time frame of evalua- tions of life satisfaction (past, present, future) and by investigating the relationship between time perspective and psychological well-being. Method. Questionnaires on time perspective (Zimbardo’s Time Perspective In- ventory), temporal life satisfaction (Temporal Satisfaction with Life Scale), affect (Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule), and psychological well-being (Scales of Psychological Well-Being—short version) were answered by 453 individuals. Two different structural equation models were tested, one of the relationship between time perspective and temporal life satisfaction, and the other of the relationship between time perspective, affect and psychological well-being. Results. Time perspective affected life satisfaction depending on the time scale on which it was evaluated—memory of a negative past influenced life satisfaction in all time frames, and a positive view of the past influenced both past and future life satisfaction. Moreover, less rumination about past negative events (i.e., low score on Past Negative), the tendency to take risks in the present to achieve happy feelings and/or avoid boredom (i.e., high scores on Present Hedonistic), and a less hopeless and pessimistic view about the present (low scores on Present Fatalistic) were asso- ciated with higher levels of psychological well-being and positive affect. These same time perspective dimensions were associated with lower levels of negative affect. The Future time perspective dimension (i.e., approaching life with self-control, punctu- ality, and planning for the future) was associated with both psychological well-being and positive affect. Conclusions. High levels of both subjective and psychological well-being are related to a happier and a less sinister past, a more hedonistic and less fatalistic present, as well as to a more structured future.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin
Klinisk medicin ->
Positive affect, Psychological well-being, Subjective well-being, Temporal life satisfaction, Negative affect, Time perspective
Ytterligare information:
DOI 10.7717/peerj.303
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-03-11 17:26
Posten ändrad:
2014-03-28 09:58

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