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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Emotional contagion for pain is intact in autism spectrum disorders.

Författare och institution:
Nouchine Hadjikhani (Gillbergcentrum); N R Zürcher (-); O Rogier (-); L Hippolyte (-); E Lemonnier (-); T Ruest (-); N Ward (-); A Lassalle (-); Nanna Gillberg (Gillbergcentrum); Eva Billstedt (Gillbergcentrum); Adam Helles (Gillbergcentrum); I Carina Gillberg (Gillbergcentrum); P Solomon (-); K M Prkachin (-); Christopher Gillberg (Gillbergcentrum)
Publicerad i:
Translational psychiatry, 4 s. e343
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Perceiving others in pain generally leads to empathic concern, consisting of both emotional and cognitive processes. Empathy deficits have been considered as an element contributing to social difficulties in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Here, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging and short video clips of facial expressions of people experiencing pain to examine the neural substrates underlying the spontaneous empathic response to pain in autism. Thirty-eight adolescents and adults of normal intelligence diagnosed with ASD and 35 matched controls participated in the study. In contrast to general assumptions, we found no significant differences in brain activation between ASD individuals and controls during the perception of pain experienced by others. Both groups showed similar levels of activation in areas associated with pain sharing, evidencing the presence of emotional empathy and emotional contagion in participants with autism as well as in controls. Differences between groups could be observed at a more liberal statistical threshold, and revealed increased activations in areas involved in cognitive reappraisal in ASD participants compared with controls. Scores of emotional empathy were positively correlated with brain activation in areas involved in embodiment of pain in ASD group only. Our findings show that simulation mechanisms involved in emotional empathy are preserved in high-functioning individuals with autism, and suggest that increased reappraisal may have a role in their apparent lack of caring behavior.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Psykiatri ->
Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
autism; emotion perception; fMRI; pain
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2014-01-17 13:35
Posten ändrad:
2014-07-22 10:45

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