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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Mere-ology

Författare och institution:
Elizabeth Coppock (Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori); David Beaver (-)
Publicerad i:
Alternatives in Semantics / ed. by Anamaria Fălăuş, s. 150-173
ISBN:
978-0-230-31434-4
Publikationstyp:
Kapitel, refereegranskat
Förlag:
Palgrave Macmillan
Förlagsort:
Basingstoke
Publiceringsår:
2013
Språk:
engelska
Sammanfattning (abstract):
This paper offers a unified analysis of the exclusives mere and only. We analyze both mere and only in terms of questions under discussion modeled as structures defined over sets of alternatives, where the alternatives are non-standard in two respects. First, as required by the analysis of mere, there are free variables in the alternatives. Second, the alternatives can be ranked by relations other than entailment; in this sense, both mere and only are scalar both in their positive component ("at least X") and in their negative component ("at most X"). With evidence from negation, reason clauses, and emotive factive predicates, we argue furthermore that the negative component of mere contributes to the at-issue meaning, while the positive component is presupposed, as has been previously argued for only. However, mere and only differ in scope, as evidenced by differences in interpretation and NPI licensing. Based on the NPI licensing properties of mere, we argue that it has two uses, one that attaches to properties and one that attaches to generalized quantifiers. The two uses are unified under one abstract lexical entry schema that can be extended to only as well. This schema can be seen as a first step towards establishing, in general terms, the core meaning for exclusives.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
HUMANIORA ->
Språk och litteratur ->
Jämförande språkvetenskap och lingvistik ->
Lingvistik
Nyckelord:
semantics, pragmatics, scales, question under discussion
Postens nummer:
189731
Posten skapad:
2013-12-18 10:24
Posten ändrad:
2016-08-16 15:43

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