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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Boundary layer flow dynamics at a cold-water coral reef

Författare och institution:
Damien Guihen (-); Martin White (-); Tomas Lundälv (Institutionen för biologi och miljövetenskap, Tjärnö marinbiologiska laboratorium)
Publicerad i:
Journal of Sea Research, 78 s. 36-44
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The Tisler cold-water coral reef is a 2 km long reef in the north-eastern Skagerrak, Norway. The reef is comprised principally of Lophelia pertusa at depths between 70 and 160 m. Velocity shear and boundary layer shear stresses have been measured at Tisler Reef to quantify the effect of the reef structure on the benthic boundary layer (BBL) dynamics. Two different approaches to estimating the magnitude of the near seabed stress were employed: using a logarithmic (constant stress) boundary layer approach and direct Reynolds stress measurements. Resultant estimates of near seabed stresses using both methods were comparable. Using the logarithmic layer approach to estimate seabed stresses both inside and out of the reef structure demonstrated that, for any particular impinging flow strength, higher shear stresses were observed within the live coral region than in the dead coral rubble region with no live coral stands. Bottom shear stresses of up to 3.5 N m− 2 were measured within the reef complex and 1.2 N m− 2 in the rubble region outside the live reef. This difference is due to large roughness length scales inside the rough living coral area relative to the smaller scales in the coral rubble. Low frequency acoustic backscatter data, used as a proxy for relative suspended particulate matter concentrations, suggested that both local re-suspension and advection of suspended material most likely occur at, and through, the reef system. The high stresses measured inside the living reef may favour corals by increasing the degree of re-suspension for a given current speed and providing more particulates to the filter feeding polyps.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap ->
Oceanografi, hydrologi, vattenresurser ->
Biologiska vetenskaper ->
Ekologi ->
Marin ekologi
Shear Stress; Cold-water Coral; Skagerrak Strait; Benthic Boundary Layer; Polyp Feeding; Ecosystem Engineering
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2013-12-13 15:53
Posten ändrad:
2014-04-28 14:54

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