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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Skylta med kunskap. En studie av hur barn urskiljer grafiska symboler i hem och förskola.

Författare och institution:
Maria Magnusson (Institutionen för pedagogik, kommunikation och lärande)
Utgiven i serie vid Göteborgs universitet:
Gothenburg studies in educational sciences / Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, ISSN 0436-1121 ; nr 344
Antal sidor:
Acta Universitatis Gohoburgensis
Datum för examination:
Tidpunkt för examination:
Sal BE015 Pedagogen Hus B
Professor Bente Eriksen Hagtvet
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Abstract Title: Signing with knowledge: A study of how children discern graphical symbols at home and in preschool Author: Maria Magnusson Language: Swedish with an English summary ISBN: 978-91-7346-767-4 (print) ISBN: 978-91-7346-768-1 (pdf) ISSN: 0436-1121 Keywords: Graphical symbols, learning, children, conceptual development, variation theory, Vygotsky The topic of this study is to generate knowledge about children’s understanding of graphical symbols. These forms of knowledge are prevalent in contemporary societies, for example, in the form of letters, numbers, road signs, maps, and computer icons. More specifically, in this thesis is scrutinized in detail how children develop symbolic skills and how this can be supported through educational activities. The theoretical basis of the study is variation theory (Marton & Tsui, 2004). This theory conceptualizes learning in terms of differentiation and integration. Two empirical studies are reported. The first is about two children, Olle and Lasse, who both are in the age span four to five years. How these children handle graphical symbols in the form of producing signs that they put up in their homes are followed over time. Hence, the children’s own make and use of symbols in their everyday life are studied. In the second empirical study, the findings from the first study and theoretical insight from variation theory are orchestrated in a preschool center with two teachers and twelve children, to see if these principles can be functional in supporting children’s development of symbolic understanding. Both studies are based on video data. The findings are that a particular pattern of variation entitled, ‘contrast’ is functional in developing such insight, while another pattern of variation entitled, ‘induction’ is not. In addition, meta-communication is argued to be important not only for the researcher to gain access to the child’s understanding but also to the child’s development as such. The theoretical distinction made by Vygotsky between ‘pseudo concepts’ and ‘concepts (proper)’ is used to discuss the findings.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Graphical symbols, learning, children, conceptual development, variation theory, Vygotsky. Grafiska symboler, lärande, barn, begreppsbildning, variationsteori, Vygotsky.
Ytterligare information:
ISBN 978-91-7346-768-1 (e-print)
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2013-12-09 12:23
Posten ändrad:
2015-01-19 15:18

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