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Dental caries and associated factors in mothers and their preschool and school children - A cross-sectional study

Författare och institution:
Alaa Mannaa (Institutionen för odontologi); Anette Carlén (Institutionen för odontologi); Peter Lingström (Institutionen för odontologi)
Publicerad i:
Journal of Dental Sciences, 8 ( 2 ) s. 101-108
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Background/purpose: Dental caries remains a major health problem in many parts of the world. The present study aimed at describing the caries experience and caries-related factors in mothers and their preschool and school children. Materials and methods: A sample of 258 individuals (86 mothers and 2 of their children, 4-6 and 12-16 years old) was included. An interview was used to determine the socioeconomic status of the family, oral hygiene, and snacking habits. DMFT /dmft (decayed, missed, filled, teeth), plaque, and gingival indices were recorded. Chair-side tests were used to register salivary buffer capacity and bacterial counts. Results: The caries experience (DMFT/dmft) was high in mothers and their younger and older children (12.4 +/- 5.3, 9.0 +/- 5.0, and 5.8 +/- 4.1, respectively). The DMFT/dmft increased with higher salivary mutans streptococci counts in all age groups (P < 0.05). The caries experiences of the children were correlated positively with those of their mothers (R-4-6(2) = 0.12, R-12-16(2) = 0.18, P < 0.01). A positive association between mothers and both children was evident for toothbrushing habits, snacking frequency, and gingival health (P < 0.05). An association between plaque scores, salivary buffer capacity, and mutans streptococci counts was found between mothers and older children (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The caries experience in Saudi mothers and their children is high, with similar contributory caries-related factors.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
children, dental caries, families, mother, SAUDI-ARABIA, HEALTH BEHAVIOR, ADOLESCENTS, RIYADH
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2013-09-30 14:31

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