transparent gif

 

Ej inloggad.

Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Music structure determines heart rate variability of singers

Författare och institution:
Björn Vickhoff (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi); Helge Malmgren (Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori); Rickard Åström (-); Gunnar Nyberg (-); Seth-Reino Ekström (-); Mathias Engwall (Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper); Johan Snygg (-); Michael Nilsson (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi); Rebecka Jörnsten (Institutionen för matematiska vetenskaper, matematisk statistik, Chalmers/GU)
Publicerad i:
Frontiers in Psychology, 4 s. Art. no. 334
ISSN:
1664-1078
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2013
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Fulltextlänk (lokalt arkiv):
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Choir singing is known to promote wellbeing. One reason for this may be that singing demands a slower than normal respiration, which may in turn affect heart activity. Coupling of heart rate variability (HRV) to respiration is called Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). This coupling has a subjective as well as a biologically soothing effect, and it is beneficial for cardiovascular function. RSA is seen to be more marked during slow-paced breathing and at lower respiration rates (0.1 Hz and below). In this study, we investigate how singing, which is a form of guided breathing, affects HRV and RSA. The study comprises a group of healthy 18 year olds of mixed gender. The subjects are asked to; (1) hum a single tone and breathe whenever they need to; (2) sing a hymn with free, unguided breathing; and (3) sing a slow mantra and breathe solely between phrases. Heart rate (HR) is measured continuously during the study. The study design makes it possible to compare above three levels of song structure. In a separate case study, we examine five individuals performing singing tasks (1–3). We collect data with more advanced equipment, simultaneously recording HR, respiration, skin conductance and finger temperature. We show how song structure, respiration and HR are connected. Unison singing of regular song structures makes the hearts of the singers accelerate and decelerate simultaneously. Implications concerning the effect on wellbeing and health are discussed as well as the question how this inner entrainment may affect perception and behavior.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Neurovetenskaper ->
Neurovetenskap
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Fysiologi
HUMANIORA ->
Konst ->
Musikvetenskap
Nyckelord:
choral singing, heart rate variability, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, frequency analysis, autonomic nervous system
Ytterligare information:
Erratum: Music structure determines heart rate variability of singers.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00599

[This corrects the article on p. 334 in vol. 4, PMID: 23847555.].
Postens nummer:
180945
Posten skapad:
2013-08-08 23:36
Posten ändrad:
2016-08-19 10:29

Visa i Endnote-format

Göteborgs universitet • Tel. 031-786 0000
© Göteborgs universitet 2007