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Inhibition of the Renin-Angiotensin System Reduces the Rise in Serum Aldosterone in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients with Preserved Left Ventricular Function: Observations from the AVANT GARDE-TIMI 43 Trial

Författare och institution:
J. A. Udell (-); D. A. Morrow (-); E. Braunwald (-); Karl Swedberg (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin); C. Bode (-); N. Rifai (-); P. C. Brunel (-); M. F. Prescott (-); F. Ren (-); E. B. Hoffman (-); B. M. Scirica (-)
Publicerad i:
Clinical Chemistry, 59 ( 6 ) s. 959-967
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) activates neurohormonal pathways, including elevations in circulating aldosterone, with deleterious cardiovascular effects. We aimed to determine if early, more complete renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibition (RAASI) in post-ACS patients without ventricular dysfunction or heart failure would result in a graded reduction in aldosterone concentrations.METHODS: We performed serial measurement of serum aldosterone within the Aliskiren and Valsartan to Reduce NT-proBNP via Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone-System Blockade (AVANT GARDE)/Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 43 trial, a randomized double-blind, placebo controlled trial of RAASI by valsartan, aliskiren, or both in post-ACS patients with preserved ventricular function but increased natriuretic peptides. Aldosterone was measured at randomization and week 8.RESULTS: Median aldosterone concentrations were comparable across treatment arms at baseline (9.26 ng/dL; interquartile range 7.11-12.76; n = 1073). In the placebo group, there was a significant increase in aldosterone over 8 weeks (19.7% rise, 2.20 (0.36) ng/dL, P < 0.0001) that was significantly reduced across active RAASI therapies (1.36 (0.40) ng/dL with aliskiren; 1.02 (0.37) ng/dL with valsartan; and 0.85 (0.37) ng/dL with combination therapy, P trend = 0.008). Compared to placebo, RAASI monotherapy resulted in a pooled relative absolute aldosterone change of -1.01 (0.45) ng/dL (P = 0.026 vs placebo), and combination therapy resulted in a relative absolute aldosterone change of -1.35 (0.52) ng/dL (P = 0.01 vs placebo). No significant difference in aldosterone concentrations was achieved between dual vs single RAASI (P = 0.47).CONCLUSIONS: In ACS patients with preserved ventricular function but increased natriuretic peptides, serum aldosterone rises over time and is blunted by more complete RAASI. The clinical implications and role for RAASI in this population warrant further investigation.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin
Heart failure
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2013-03-28 07:36
Posten ändrad:
2016-06-10 12:55

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