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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Monte Carlo simulation of the dissociation constants of CO2 in 0 to 1 molal sodium chloride between 0 and 25 °C

Författare och institution:
Zareen Abbas (Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi); Adam Ulfsbo (Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi); David R. Turner (Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi)
Publicerad i:
Marine Chemistry, 150 ( 1 ) s. 1-10
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Fulltextlänk (lokalt arkiv):
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Stoichiometric dissociation constants of the carbon dioxide system in NaCl solution between 0 and 1 mol and 0 to 25 °C were estimated by Monte Carlo (MC) simulations, and compared with Pitzer calculations and experimental measurements. The MC simulations used experimentally determined dielectric constants of water at different temperatures, and optimal agreement with the experimental data and Pitzer calculations was achieved by adjusting the ionic radii. This simple procedure resulted in effective ionic radii which were further used to simulate the activity coefficients of salt mixtures. The first and second stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid in NaCl solution (pK1⁎ and pK2⁎) were estimated from the MC-derived activity coefficients of mixed salts in NaCl. The MC results are in good agreement with the experimental data as well as with the Pitzer calculations. This study shows that Monte Carlo simulations in the temperature and ionic strength range relevant to seawater can provide pK values of the same quality as Pitzer calculations, and constitutes the first step in developing a temperature-dependent MC model for seawater. While MC calculations require greater computing resources, the number of parameters derived by fitting to thermodynamic data is substantially smaller than for Pitzer calculations.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Monte Carlo; MC; Simulations; Pitzer; Seawater; CO2; Dissociation constants; pK1*; pK2*; Activity coefficients
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2013-02-27 15:16
Posten ändrad:
2013-06-07 13:32

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