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Influence of the initial management regimen and family social situation on glycemic control and medical care in children with type I diabetes mellitus.

Författare och institution:
Gun Forsander (Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Avdelningen för pediatrik); J Sundelin (-); B Persson (-)
Publicerad i:
Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), 89 ( 12 ) s. 1462-8
Artikel, övrig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
It is well known that social family factors are of importance in diabetes care, but it is not clear whether the initial management regimen can buffer these factors. In a prospective, randomized intervention study, 36 children with diabetes mellitus (type I) were followed, the aim being to study if a family psychosocial intervention at diagnosis could improve glycemic control and minimize hospital admissions. The control group was treated initially in a hospital ward, while the study group received problem-based learning and family-therapeutic and social support in an out-hospital training apartment. A number of family social variables were evaluated at the time of diagnosis and 6, 12 and 24 mo later. Family function was assessed using the self-estimated Family Climate Test at these same time-points. HbAlc values and information concerning in- and out-hospital visits to the pediatric clinic were collected for the 5-y period following diagnosis. We found no association between the offered management regimen and glycemic control or rate of readmission. In the study group only, both parents reported a significant improvement of the family climate. An increased risk for poor glycemic control was recorded in children living in one-parent families (p = 0.03) or in families where the father had a low level of education (p = 0.04). Younger age (p = 0.05), a single-parent family (p = 0.05) and poor glycemic control (p = 0.02) were associated with more days of rehospitalization. The rate of divorce in the whole group was at least as high as in the normal population but, surprisingly, maternal dysfunction was associated with lower HbAlc value. The conclusion is that even with an initial management regimen designed to offer a family-individual care regimen based on accurate estimation of the psychological and pedagogical needs, the social family background is a most important factor for the glycemic control and need for readmission.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Adolescent, Analysis of Variance, Child, Child, Preschool, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, psychology, therapy, Female, Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated, isolation & purification, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Parents, Social Support
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2013-01-29 08:50

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