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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

The red cell mass, plasma erythropoietin and spleen size in apparent polycythaemia.

Författare och institution:
Jan Carneskog (Institutionen för invärtesmedicin, Avdelningen för internmedicin); Soodabeh Safai-Kutti (-); M Suurküla (-); Hans Wadenvik (Institutionen för invärtesmedicin, Avdelningen för internmedicin); Björn Bake (Institutionen för invärtesmedicin, Avdelningen för lungmedicin och allergologi); Göran Lindstedt (Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin, Avdelningen för klinisk kemi/transfusionsmedicin); Jack Kutti (Institutionen för invärtesmedicin, Avdelningen för internmedicin)
Publicerad i:
European journal of haematology, 62 ( 1 ) s. 43-8
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
It has been shown previously that measurement of the spleen size and plasma erythropoietin (EPO) concentration are valuable adjuncts in the diagnostic work-up of patients with polycythaemia vera. The aim of the present work was to evaluate their value in the assessment of apparent polycythaemia (AP). Therefore, over a 24-month period we routinely performed bone marrow biopsies, measurement of red cell mass (RCM) and plasma volume (PV), spleen size determination by gamma camera scintigraphy and determination of the plasma EPO concentration in consecutive patients referred to us because of elevated values for packed cell volume (>0.48 in females and >0.51 in males). After having excluded patients with clonal and secondary polycythaemias we were left with 38 patients (27 males and 11 females) with AP. In all of them the measured RCM was within normal range, i.e. <36 ml/kg for males and <32 ml/kg for females. The subjects were characterized by moderate increase in RCM and a concomitant moderate decrease in PV. Thus, as an average the measured RCM exceeded the predicted values by 14% in males and by 12% in females; conversely, as compared to the predicted values the average measured value for PV was reduced by 17% in males and by 8% in females. The average RCM for males was 29+/-3 ml/kg; the corresponding figure for females was 23+/-4 ml/kg. It was shown that 86% of the subjects had plasma EPO concentrations within the control range; the remaining had values slightly above or below the control range. The mean posterior spleen scan area was 57+/-16 cm2 and mean left lateral area 57+/-17 cm2; the reference value for spleen scan area (for both projections) is 57+/-12 cm2. Of the patients 35/38 (92%) had a spleen scan area within the mean+2SD for controls and 38 subjects (100%) had values within the mean+3SD. It is concluded that measurement of plasma EPO and a careful assessment of the spleen size should always be considered in the evaluation of patients with elevated values for venous packed cell volume.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Blood Cell Count, Body Mass Index, Erythrocyte Volume, physiology, Erythropoietin, blood, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Organ Size, Platelet Count, Polycythemia, physiopathology, Spleen, pathology, radionuclide imaging
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2013-01-21 22:09

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