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In Search of a Predecessor to a Ruthenian Tetraevangel

Författare och institution:
Mirja Varpio (Institutionen för språk och litteraturer)
Utgiven i serie vid Göteborgs universitet:
Slavica Gothoburgensia / Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, ISSN 0081-0010 ; nr 11
Antal sidor:
University of Gothenburg
Sammanfattning (abstract):
A Church Slavonic tetraevangel, Evangelium Cyrillicum Gothoburgense, henceforth ECG, of the very end of the 16th c. from Rybotycze near Przemyśl on the northern slopes of the Carpathians, showed textual and orthographic features differing from the nearly contemporary Ostrog Bible of 1581, as well as saints, unusual in the Eastern Orthodox Menologion. In search of a predecessor to ECG, a hypothesis suggested that it could be found south of the Carpathians where an Orthodox enclave, surrounded by Islamic, Roman Catholic, Reformation and Counterreformation movements had been formed in the 15th and 16th cc. The area, here called Circumcarpathian lands, had received many Orthodox priests and monks from the Balkans who brought with them their scribal tradition. For a collation with tetras from the Circumcarpathian lands in libraries in Poland, Ukraina and Bulgaria, 19+5 differing readings in 95 MSS, orthographic features as the use of the big jus initially in 71 MSS, the vowel o in instead of the back vowel jer medially in weak position 43 MSS, the difference in marking the numeral 90, koppa in South Slavonic, and cherv´ in East Slavonic versions, and the occurrence of Serbian and Athonian saints in the Menologion was observed in 81 MSS. Most textual agreements, 10 of 19, were found in only two MSS, while a majority of the MSS, 38 per cent, agreed in five of the 19 readings. The big jus initially was kept in 20 per cent, the little jus was more frequent, in 32 per cent. The vowel o medially instead of back jer in weak position as in ECG was recorded in 16 per cent. The South Slavonic koppa for the numeral 90 was used in 81 per cent. The majority of the tetras, 62 percent, have five of the seven saints: Onuphrios the Hermit, Peter of Mt Athos, Athanasios the Athonite, Sabas, First Archbishop of Serbia, and Simeon the Serbian, The co-variation of all five variables, the differing readings, the three orthographic variations and the occurrence of the saints did not show any close relationship, but when only the readings and the saints were studied, 27 of 81 tetras, 33 per cent, had the five agreeing readings, and the five of saints in common. Although a master copy of ECG could not be localised, the findings show that ECG is related to the features which have been proposed as the Circum-carpathian scribal tradition.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Historia och arkeologi ->
Historia ->
Bok- och bibliotekshistoria
Språk och litteratur
Språk och litteratur ->
Språkstudier ->
Slaviska språk
Old Church Slavonic, Tetraevangel, Ruthenian
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2013-01-18 12:05
Posten ändrad:
2013-02-20 12:54

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