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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

The Mediterranean diet score and mortality are inversely associated in adults living in the subarctic region.

Författare och institution:
Gianluca Tognon (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa); Lena Maria Nilsson (-); Lauren Lissner (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa); Ingegerd Johansson (-); Göran Hallmans (-); Bernt Lindahl (-); Anna Winkvist (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition)
Publicerad i:
The Journal of nutrition, 142 ( 8 ) s. 1547-53
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The Mediterranean diet has been widely promoted and may be associated with chronic disease prevention and a better overall health status. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the Mediterranean diet score inversely predicted total or cause-specific mortality in a prospective population study in Northern Sweden (Västerbotten Intervention Program). The analyses were performed in 77,151 participants (whose diet was measured by means of a validated FFQ) by Cox proportional hazard models adjusted for several potential confounders. The Mediterranean diet score was inversely associated with all-cause mortality in men [HR = 0.96 (95% CI = 0.93, 0.99)] and women [HR = 0.95 (95% CI = 0.91, 0.99)], although not in obese men. In men, but not in women, the score was inversely associated with total cancer mortality [HR = 0.92 (95% CI = 0.87, 0.98)], particularly for pancreas cancer [HR = 0.82 (95% CI = 0.68, 0.99)]. Cardiovascular mortality was inversely associated with diet only in women [HR = 0.90 (95% CI = 0.82, 0.99)]. Except for alcohol [HR = 0.83 (95% CI = 0.76, 0.90)] and fruit intake [HR = 0.90 (95% CI = 0.83, 0.98)], no food item of the Mediterranean diet score independently predicted mortality. Higher scores were associated with increasing age, education, and physical activity. Moreover, healthful dietary and lifestyle-related factors additively decreased the mortality likelihood. Even in a subarctic region, increasing Mediterranean diet scores were associated with a longer life, although the protective effect of diet was of small magnitude compared with other healthful dietary and lifestyle-related factors examined.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Hälsovetenskaper ->
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Adult, Arctic Regions, epidemiology, Cardiovascular Diseases, epidemiology, mortality, Diet Surveys, Diet, Mediterranean, statistics & numerical data, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasms, classification, epidemiology, mortality, Nutrition Surveys, Sweden, epidemiology
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2013-01-16 16:42
Posten ändrad:
2013-01-18 13:05

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