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Modeling the CO2 dynamics in the Laptev Sea, Arctic Ocean: Part II. Sensitivity of fluxes to changes in the forcing

Författare och institution:
Irene Wåhlström (Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi); Anders Omstedt (Institutionen för geovetenskaper); Göran Björk (Institutionen för geovetenskaper); Leif G Anderson (Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi)
Publicerad i:
Journal of Marine Systems, 111-112 s. 1-10
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Substantial increase in atmospheric temperature has been observed over the Siberian Arctic during the last decades, likely a manifestation of climate change as a result of amplified concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This has raised questions about possible feedbacks to the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration by processes acting in the ocean and the river drainage basins. Addressing these questions, simulations with different forcings have been performed utilizing a one-dimensional, time dependent coupled physical- biogeochemical model that has been optimized for the carbon system in the Laptev Sea of the Arctic Ocean. The forcings applied are: increased air temperature, wind or river discharge; increased concentration of dissolved organic carbon or nutrients in river runoff; increased partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere or the runoff as well as a combination of five of these forcings. The model simulations reveal a net outgasing of CO2 from the ocean to the atmosphere when the dissolved organic carbon and the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in river runoff are doubled. However, an increase in the oceans ability to take up carbon dioxide occurs if concentration of nutrients in runoff increases, which is a result of increased primary productivity. The ocean also acts as a stronger sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide when increasing the air temperature, wind speed or the atmospheric partial pressure of carbon dioxide. To reflect the conditions at the end of this century a simulation with changes of several forcings parameters were performed, i.e. with doubled atmospheric partial pressure of carbon dioxide, 4oC temperature increase in the air, doubling the runoff dissolved organic carbon concentration, increasing the river discharge by 25 % and increasing the wind speed by 10 %. This simulation increased the uptake of the ocean by more than five times, from -0.9 ( 0.3) to -4.6 (1.3) molC m-2 y-1.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap
Carbon dioxide, Arctic Ocean, Laptev Sea, Biogeochemistry
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2012-12-17 08:04
Posten ändrad:
2013-03-08 14:25

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